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# Triangle and integers | AIME I, 1995 | Question 9

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1995 based on Triangle and integers.

## Triangle and integers - AIME I, 1995

Triangle ABC is isosceles, with AB=AC and altitude AM=11, suppose that there is a point D on AM with AD=10 and $\angle BDC$=3$\angle BAC$. then the perimeter of $\Delta ABC$ may be written in the form $a+\sqrt{b}$ where a and b are integers, find a+b.

• is 107
• is 616
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

### Key Concepts

Integers

Triangle

Trigonometry

AIME I, 1995, Question 9

Plane Trigonometry by Loney

## Try with Hints

First hint

Let x= $\angle CAM$

$\Rightarrow \angle CDM =3x$

$\Rightarrow \frac{tan3x}{tanx}=\frac{\frac{CM}{1}}{\frac{CM}{11}}$=11 [by trigonometry ratio property in right angled triangle]

Second Hint

$\Rightarrow \frac{3tanx-tan^{3}x}{1-3tan^{2}x}=11tanx$

solving we get, tanx=$\frac{1}{2}$

$\Rightarrow CM=\frac{11}{2}$

Final Step

$\Rightarrow 2(AC+CM)$ where $AC=\frac{11\sqrt {5}}{2}$ by Pythagoras formula

=$\sqrt{605}+11$ then a+b=605+11=616.

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Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1995 based on Triangle and integers.

## Triangle and integers - AIME I, 1995

Triangle ABC is isosceles, with AB=AC and altitude AM=11, suppose that there is a point D on AM with AD=10 and $\angle BDC$=3$\angle BAC$. then the perimeter of $\Delta ABC$ may be written in the form $a+\sqrt{b}$ where a and b are integers, find a+b.

• is 107
• is 616
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

### Key Concepts

Integers

Triangle

Trigonometry

AIME I, 1995, Question 9

Plane Trigonometry by Loney

## Try with Hints

First hint

Let x= $\angle CAM$

$\Rightarrow \angle CDM =3x$

$\Rightarrow \frac{tan3x}{tanx}=\frac{\frac{CM}{1}}{\frac{CM}{11}}$=11 [by trigonometry ratio property in right angled triangle]

Second Hint

$\Rightarrow \frac{3tanx-tan^{3}x}{1-3tan^{2}x}=11tanx$

solving we get, tanx=$\frac{1}{2}$

$\Rightarrow CM=\frac{11}{2}$

Final Step

$\Rightarrow 2(AC+CM)$ where $AC=\frac{11\sqrt {5}}{2}$ by Pythagoras formula

=$\sqrt{605}+11$ then a+b=605+11=616.

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