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Algebra Arithmetic Geometry Math Olympiad PRMO

Triangle and Integer | PRMO 2019 | Question 28

Try this beautiful problem from the Pre-RMO, 2019 based on Triangle and Integer. You may use sequential hints to solve the problem.

Try this beautiful problem from the Pre-RMO, 2019 based on Circles,Triangle and largest integer.

Circles, Triangle and largest Integer – PRMO 2019


Let ABC be a triangle with sides 51, 52, 53. Let D denote the incircle of triangle ABC. Draw tangents to D which are parallel to the sides ABC. let \(r_1\). \(r_2\), \(r_3\) be the inradii of the three corner triangles so formed, find the largest integer that does not exceed \(r_1+r_2+r_3\).

Triangle and Integer
  • is 107
  • is 15
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Circles

Triangle

Largest Integers

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer: is 15.

Source
Suggested Reading

PRMO, 2019, Question 28

Geometry Vol I to IV by Hall and Stevens

Try with Hints


First hint

Let PQ be one of tangents parallel to BC and meet sides AB and AC at P and Q let PQ=x and BC=51

Second Hint

triangle ABC similar with triangle APQ then\(\frac{x}{a}=\frac{r_1}{r}=\frac{s-a}{s}\) which is in same way for \(\frac{y}{b}\) and \(\frac{z}{c}\) then \(\frac{r_1+r_2+r_3}{r}\)=\(\frac{x}{a}+\frac{y}{b}+\frac{z}{c}\)=3-2=1

Final Step

then \(r_1+r_2+r_3\)=r and r by given condition of question =\((\frac{s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)}{s})^\frac{1}{2}\)=\((\frac{78(78-51)(78-52)(78-53)}{78})^\frac{1}{2}\)=15.

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