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February 9, 2020

Slope of straight line - AMC 10B, 2012 Problem 3

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What are we learning ?

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Competency in Focus: Slope of straight line.

This problem is based on slope of straight line  from American Mathematics contest (AMC 10B, 2012). It includes image formation due to reflection from a line of A point.

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First look at the knowledge graph.

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/drawit-diagram-10.png" align="center" force_fullwidth="on" _builder_version="4.3.1" min_height="388px" height="198px" max_height="207px"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" inline_fonts="Aclonica"]

Next understand the problem

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.3.1" text_font="Raleway||||||||" text_font_size="20px" text_letter_spacing="1px" text_line_height="1.5em" background_color="#f4f4f4" custom_margin="10px||10px" custom_padding="10px|20px|10px|20px" box_shadow_style="preset2"]The point in the xy-plane with coordinates $(1000, 2012)$ is reflected across the line $y = 2000$. What are the coordinates of the reflected point? $\textbf{(A)}\ (998,2012)\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ (1000,1988)\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ (1000,2024)\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ (1000,4012)\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ (1012,2012)$  [/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.0"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_accordion open_toggle_text_color="#0c71c3" _builder_version="4.3.1" toggle_font="||||||||" body_font="Raleway||||||||" text_orientation="center" custom_margin="10px||10px"][et_pb_accordion_item title="Source of the problem" open="on" _builder_version="4.3.1"]American Mathematical Contest 2012, AMC 10B  Problem 3[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Key Competency" _builder_version="4.3.1" open="off"]Slope of the Sriaght line[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Difficulty Level" _builder_version="4.1" open="off"]4/10[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Suggested Book" _builder_version="4.2.2" open="off"]Challenges and Thrills in Pre College Mathematics Excursion Of Mathematics[/et_pb_accordion_item][/et_pb_accordion][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.0.9" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|0px|20px||" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" inline_fonts="Aclonica"]

Start with hints 

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_tabs _builder_version="4.3.1"][et_pb_tab title="HINT 0" _builder_version="4.3.1"]Do you really need a hint? Try it first![/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="HINT 1" _builder_version="4.3.1"]

The line $y = 2000$ is a horizontal line located $12$ units beneath the point $(1000, 2012)$. When a point is reflected about a horizontal line, only the $y$ - coordinate will change.[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="HINT 2" _builder_version="4.3.1"]The $x$ - coordinate remains the same. Since the $y$-coordinate of the point is $12$ units above the line of reflection, the new $y$ - coordinate will be $2000 - 12 = 1988$. Thus, the coordinates of the reflected point are $(1000, 1988)$.[/et_pb_tab][/et_pb_tabs][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section][et_pb_section fb_built="1" fullwidth="on" _builder_version="4.2.2" global_module="50833"][et_pb_fullwidth_header title="AMC - AIME Program" button_one_text="Learn More" button_one_url="https://www.cheenta.com/amc-aime-usamo-math-olympiad-program/" header_image_url="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/matholympiad.png" _builder_version="4.2.2" title_level="h2" background_color="#00457a" custom_button_one="on" button_one_text_color="#44580e" button_one_bg_color="#ffffff" button_one_border_color="#ffffff" button_one_border_radius="5px"]

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