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# Roots of Equation and Vieta's formula | AIME I, 1996 Problem 5

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME, 1996 based on Roots of Equation and Vieta's formula.

## Roots of Equation and Vieta's formula - AIME I, 1996

Suppose that the roots of $x^{3}+3x^{2}+4x-11=0$ are a,b and c and that the roots of $x^{3}+rx^{2}+sx+t=0$ are a+b,b+c and c+a, find t.

• is 107
• is 23
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

### Key Concepts

Functions

Roots of Equation

Vieta s formula

AIME I, 1996, Question 5

Polynomials by Barbeau

## Try with Hints

With Vieta s formula

$f(x)=x^{3}+3x^{2}+4x-11=(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=0$

$\Rightarrow a+b+c=-3$, $ab+bc+ca=4$ and $abc=11$

Let a+b+c=-3=p

here t=-(a+b)(b+c)(c+a)

$\Rightarrow t=-(p-c)(p-a)(p-b)$

$\Rightarrow t=-f(p)=-f(-3)$

$t=-[(-3)^{3}+3(-3)^{2}+4(-3)-11]$

=23.

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Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME, 1996 based on Roots of Equation and Vieta's formula.

## Roots of Equation and Vieta's formula - AIME I, 1996

Suppose that the roots of $x^{3}+3x^{2}+4x-11=0$ are a,b and c and that the roots of $x^{3}+rx^{2}+sx+t=0$ are a+b,b+c and c+a, find t.

• is 107
• is 23
• is 840
• cannot be determined from the given information

### Key Concepts

Functions

Roots of Equation

Vieta s formula

AIME I, 1996, Question 5

Polynomials by Barbeau

## Try with Hints

With Vieta s formula

$f(x)=x^{3}+3x^{2}+4x-11=(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)=0$

$\Rightarrow a+b+c=-3$, $ab+bc+ca=4$ and $abc=11$

Let a+b+c=-3=p

here t=-(a+b)(b+c)(c+a)

$\Rightarrow t=-(p-c)(p-a)(p-b)$

$\Rightarrow t=-f(p)=-f(-3)$

$t=-[(-3)^{3}+3(-3)^{2}+4(-3)-11]$

=23.

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