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March 15, 2020

Rolling ball Problem | Semicircle |AMC 8- 2013 -|Problem 25

Try this beautiful problem from Geometry based on a rolling ball on a semicircular track.

A Ball rolling Problem from AMC-8, 2013


A ball with diameter 4 inches starts at point A to roll along the track shown. The track is comprised of 3  semicircular arcs whose radii are \(R_1=100\) inches ,\(R_2=60\) inches ,and \(R_3=80\) inches respectively. The ball always remains in contact with the track and does not slip. What is the distance the center of the ball travels over the course from  A to B?

Path of the rolling ball- Problem

  • \( 235 \pi\)
  • \( 238\pi\)
  • \( 240 \pi\)

Key Concepts


Geometry

circumference of a semicircle

Circle

Check the Answer


Answer:\( 238 \pi\)

AMC-8, 2013 problem 25

Pre College Mathematics

Try with Hints


Find the circumference of semicircle....

Can you now finish the problem ..........

Find the total distance by the ball....

can you finish the problem........

rolling ball problem

The radius of the ball is 2 inches. If you think about the ball rolling or draw a path for the ball (see figure below), you see that in A and C it loses \(2\pi \times \frac{2}{2}=2\pi\)  inches each, and it gains \(2\pi\) inches on B .

So, the departure from the length of the track means that the answer is

\(\frac{200+120+160}{2} \times \pi\) + (-2-2+2) \(\times \pi\)=240\(\pi\) -2\(\pi\)=238\(\pi\)

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