Try this beautiful problem from Singapore Mathematics Olympiad based on rational numbers.

Problem – Rational Numbers (SMO )


Find the number of positive integer pairs (a,b) satisfying \(a^2 + b^2<2013\) and \(a^{2} b |(b^3 – a^3\)

  • 30
  • 32
  • 31
  • 29

Key Concepts


Number Theory

Rational Number

Analysis of Numbers

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer: 31

Source
Suggested Reading

Singapore Mathematics Olympiad – 2013 – Senior Section – Problem No. 18

Challenges and Thrills – Pre – College Mathematics

Try with Hints


First hint

We can start this sum by rearranging the given values :

Let \( k = \frac { b^3 – a^3 }{a^{2}b} \)

Again we can write it like : \( k = (\frac {b}{a})^2 – \frac {a}{b} \)

Try to use this value and then try to do the rest of the sum…….

Second Hint

From the first hint we can say :

\((\frac {a}{b})^{3} + k (\frac {a}{b})^2 – 1 = 0\)

The only possible positive rational number solution of \(x^3 +kx^2 -1 = 0\) is x = 1 namely a = b . Conversely , if a = b then it is obvious that \(a^2b |(b^3 – a^3\)

Then 2013 > \(a^2 +b^2 = 2a^2 \) implies \(a\leq 31 \). (Answer )

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