Try this beautiful problem from Algebra based on Integer

Algebra based on Integer PRMO Problem 6


Integers a, b, c satisfy \(a + b – c = 1\) and \(a^2 + b^2 – c^2 = –1\). What is the sum of all possible values of
\(a^2 + b^2 + c^2\) ?

  • $24$
  • $18$
  • $34$

Key Concepts


Algebra

quadratic equation

Factorization

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer:$18$

Source
Suggested Reading

PRMO-2018, Problem 6

Pre College Mathematics

Try with Hints


First hint

Use \((a + b – 1 )= c\) this relation

Can you now finish the problem ……….

Second Hint

\((a + b – 1 )^2= c^2\) (squaring both sides…….)

Can you finish the problem……..

Final Step

Given that a,b,c are integer satisfy \(a + b – c = 1\) and \(a^2 + b^2 – c^2 = –1\).

Now

\((a + b – c )= 1\)

\(\Rightarrow (a + b – 1 )= c\)

\(\Rightarrow (a + b – 1 )^2= c^2\) (squarring both sides…….)

\(\Rightarrow (a^2 + b^2 +1^2+2ab-2a-2b)= c^2\)

\(\Rightarrow (a^2 + b^2 –c^2+1+2ab)= 2(a+b)\)

\(\Rightarrow (-1)+1+2ab= 2(a+b)\) ( as \(a^2 + b^2 – c^2 = –1\).

\(\Rightarrow ab=a+b\)

\(\Rightarrow (a-1)(b-1)=1\)

Therefore the possibile cases are \((a-1)=\pm 1\) and \((b-1)=\pm 1\)

Therefore \( a=1\),\(b=1\) or \(a=0\),\(b=0\)

From the equation \((a + b – c )= 1\) ,C =3 (as a=b=2) and C=-1(as a=b=0)

Therefore \((a^2 +b^2 +c^2)=4+4+9=17\) and \((a^2 +b^2 +c^2)=0+0+1=1\)

sum of all possible values of \(a^2 + b^2 + c^2=17+1=18\)

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