Understand the Problem

For each \( n \in \mathbb{N} \) let \( d_n \) denote the G.C.D. of n and (2019 – n). Find the value of \( d_1 + d_2 + … + d_{2019} \).

First, try these problems.

  1. Show that G.C.D. of k and 0 is k for any positive integer k.
  2. Show rigorously that G.C.D. (a, b) = G.C.D. (a, a+b) for any non-negative integers a and b
  3. Can you find and prove a similar result with a negative sign?

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