Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME 2015 based on Number Theory and Series.

Number Theory and Series – AIME 2015


The expressions A = \((1 \times 2)+(3 \times 4)+….+(35 \times 36)+37\) and B = \(1+(2 \times 3)+(4 \times 5)+….+(36 \times 37)\) are obtained by writing multiplication and addition operators in an alternating pattern between successive integers. Find the positive difference between integers A and B.

  • is 107
  • is 648
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Series

Theory of Equations

Number Theory

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer: is 648.

Source
Suggested Reading

AIME, 2015, Question 1

Elementary Number Theory by David Burton

Try with Hints


First hint

B-A=\(-36+(2 \times 3)+….+(2 \times 36)\)

Second Hint

=\(-36+4 \times (1+2+3+….+18)\)

Final Step

=\(-36+(4 \times \frac{18 \times 19}{2})\)=648.

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