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# NMTC 2017 Stage II - GAUSS (Class 5, 6) - Problems and Solutions ###### Problem 1

If Find what should be filled in the place marked?

###### Problem 2

There are cards numbered to . There are three second standard children Ram, Bilal and Cynthia. The teacher selects cards from the cards without seeing the numbers. She distributes the cards to the children one to each. After the children noting down the numbers in the cards she collects them back. Again she repeats the same process two more times. So, each child now has numbers noted down. The teacher asks them to add the numbers and tell her the sums obtained by them. They told her that the sums were But Ram received the same cards three times. Bilal and Cynthia received all cards different. What numbered cards are received by each? Write down the steps you used to get the answer.

###### Problem 3

In the adjoining figure is a rectangle. Points are marked as in the diagram such that is the midpoint of . If , find the ratio of the areas of triangle , quadrilateral , triangle and the trapezium .

###### Problem 4

Take the numbers and . We have to make two groups, each containing four numbers such that
(a) The sum of the numbers in group is equal to the sum of the numbers in group (b) Group has a number such that when it is moved from group A to group B, the sum of the five numbers in group is equal to twice the sum of the 3 numbers in group .
(c) Group has a number such that when it moved to group , the sum of the three numbers in Group B is of the sum of the numbers in Group A.

Find the number in the groups and .

###### Problem 5

Mahadevan was puzzled by the strange way in which his grand daughter was counting. She began to count on the fingers of her left hand. She started by calling the thumb 1 , the first finger 2 , middle finger 3 , ring finger 4 , little finger 5 , then she reversed direction, calling the ring finger 6 , middle finger 7 , first finger 8 , thumb 9 , then back to the first finger for 10 , middle finger for 11 , and so on. She continued to count back and forth in this peculiar manner until she reached a count of 20 on her ring finger.

Seeing this, Mahadevan told her "If you can find on which finger you will count , I will buy you an ice cream". Can you find on which finger she will count ? Explain the steps you used to arrive at the answer.

###### Problem 6

In the adjoining figure the number in each circle is the sum of the numbers in the two adjacent circles below it.

(a)Find , writing the steps systematically.
(b)What is the least positive number to be added to so that the result is a perfect square?
(c)What is the least positive number to be subtracted from so that the result is a perfect square?

###### Problem 1

If Find what should be filled in the place marked?

###### Problem 2

There are cards numbered to . There are three second standard children Ram, Bilal and Cynthia. The teacher selects cards from the cards without seeing the numbers. She distributes the cards to the children one to each. After the children noting down the numbers in the cards she collects them back. Again she repeats the same process two more times. So, each child now has numbers noted down. The teacher asks them to add the numbers and tell her the sums obtained by them. They told her that the sums were But Ram received the same cards three times. Bilal and Cynthia received all cards different. What numbered cards are received by each? Write down the steps you used to get the answer.

###### Problem 3

In the adjoining figure is a rectangle. Points are marked as in the diagram such that is the midpoint of . If , find the ratio of the areas of triangle , quadrilateral , triangle and the trapezium .

###### Problem 4

Take the numbers and . We have to make two groups, each containing four numbers such that
(a) The sum of the numbers in group is equal to the sum of the numbers in group (b) Group has a number such that when it is moved from group A to group B, the sum of the five numbers in group is equal to twice the sum of the 3 numbers in group .
(c) Group has a number such that when it moved to group , the sum of the three numbers in Group B is of the sum of the numbers in Group A.

Find the number in the groups and .

###### Problem 5

Mahadevan was puzzled by the strange way in which his grand daughter was counting. She began to count on the fingers of her left hand. She started by calling the thumb 1 , the first finger 2 , middle finger 3 , ring finger 4 , little finger 5 , then she reversed direction, calling the ring finger 6 , middle finger 7 , first finger 8 , thumb 9 , then back to the first finger for 10 , middle finger for 11 , and so on. She continued to count back and forth in this peculiar manner until she reached a count of 20 on her ring finger.

Seeing this, Mahadevan told her "If you can find on which finger you will count , I will buy you an ice cream". Can you find on which finger she will count ? Explain the steps you used to arrive at the answer.

###### Problem 6

In the adjoining figure the number in each circle is the sum of the numbers in the two adjacent circles below it.

(a)Find , writing the steps systematically.
(b)What is the least positive number to be added to so that the result is a perfect square?
(c)What is the least positive number to be subtracted from so that the result is a perfect square?

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