INTRODUCING 5 - days-a-week problem solving session for Math Olympiad and ISI Entrance. Learn More 

September 3, 2019

Mathematical Circles Inequality Problem

[et_pb_section fb_built="1" _builder_version="3.22.4" fb_built="1" _i="0" _address="0"][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25" _i="0" _address="0.0"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||" _i="0" _address="0.0.0"][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.22.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" _i="0" _address="0.0.0.0"]

Understand the problem

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27" text_font="Raleway||||||||" background_color="#f4f4f4" box_shadow_style="preset2" custom_margin="10px||10px" custom_padding="10px|20px|10px|20px" _i="1" _address="0.0.0.1"]If \(a,b\) are positive reals such that \(a+b<2\) ,then prove that  $$ \displaystyle \frac {1}{1+a^2} + \frac {1}{1+b^2} \leq \frac {2}{1+ab} $$[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25" _i="1" _address="0.1"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||" _i="0" _address="0.1.0"][et_pb_accordion open_toggle_text_color="#0c71c3" _builder_version="3.27" toggle_font="||||||||" body_font="Raleway||||||||" text_orientation="center" custom_margin="10px||10px" _i="0" _address="0.1.0.0"][et_pb_accordion_item title="Source of the problem" open="on" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="0" _address="0.1.0.0.0"]Mathematical Circles[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Topic" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="1" _address="0.1.0.0.1" open="off"]Inequality involving AM-GM[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Difficulty Level" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="2" _address="0.1.0.0.2" open="off"]Medium[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Suggested Book" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="3" _address="0.1.0.0.3" open="off"]Mathematical Circles[/et_pb_accordion_item][/et_pb_accordion][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" _i="1" _address="0.1.0.1"]

Start with hints

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_tabs active_tab_background_color="#0c71c3" inactive_tab_background_color="#000000" _builder_version="3.27" tab_text_color="#ffffff" tab_font="||||||||" background_color="#ffffff" _i="2" _address="0.1.0.2"][et_pb_tab title="Hint 0" _builder_version="3.22.4" _i="0" _address="0.1.0.2.0"]Do you really need a hint? Try it first!

[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 1" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="1" _address="0.1.0.2.1"]Assume that the given inequality is true for \( a>0 , b>0 \) and \( a+b<2 \) . Then proceed .[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 2" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="2" _address="0.1.0.2.2"]In order to simplyfy the given inequality multiply both the sides by \( (1+a^2)(1+b^2)(1+ab) \) (as its a positive quantity and it is directly coming from   \( a>0 , b>0\)  ) .    [/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 3" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="3" _address="0.1.0.2.3"]Come up with the simplest form of inequality  i.e. \( (a-b)^2 (1-ab) \geq 0 \) .[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 4" _builder_version="3.27" hover_enabled="0" _i="4" _address="0.1.0.2.4"]\( (a-b)^2 \geq 0 \) as \( a,b \in{R}\) . And to get \( (1-ab)>0 \) use the well known inequality for positive reals i.e. \( AM \geq GM \) and the still unused inequality i.e \( a+b <2 \) also . $$ \displaystyle a>0 , b>0 \Rightarrow \sqrt{ab}>0 \Rightarrow( 1+ \sqrt{ab})>0  \\  a>0 , b>0 , a+b <2 \Rightarrow  1 > \frac{a+b}{2} \geq \sqrt {ab} \\ \Rightarrow 1 > \sqrt{ab} \\ \Rightarrow ( 1 - \sqrt{ab}) >0 \\ \Rightarrow (1 - \sqrt{ab}) (1+ \sqrt{ab}) >0 \\ \Rightarrow (1 - ab)>0 $$[/et_pb_tab][/et_pb_tabs][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.22.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" min_height="12px" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" _i="7" _address="0.1.0.7"]

Connected Program at Cheenta

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_blurb title="Math Olympiad Program" url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" image="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/matholympiad.png" _builder_version="3.23.3" header_font="||||||||" header_text_color="#e02b20" header_font_size="48px" link_option_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" link_option_url_new_window="on" _i="8" _address="0.1.0.8"]

Math Olympiad is the greatest and most challenging academic contest for school students. Brilliant school students from over 100 countries participate in it every year. Cheenta works with small groups of gifted students through an intense training program. It is a deeply personalized journey toward intellectual prowess and technical sophistication.[/et_pb_blurb][et_pb_button button_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" button_text="Learn More" button_alignment="center" _builder_version="3.23.3" custom_button="on" button_bg_color="#0c71c3" button_border_color="#0c71c3" button_border_radius="0px" button_font="Raleway||||||||" button_icon="%%3%%" button_text_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_color="#0c71c3" background_layout="dark" _i="9" _address="0.1.0.9"][/et_pb_button][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.22.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" _i="10" _address="0.1.0.10"]

Similar Problems

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_post_slider include_categories="9" _builder_version="3.22.4" _i="11" _address="0.1.0.11"][/et_pb_post_slider][et_pb_divider _builder_version="3.22.4" background_color="#0c71c3" _i="12" _address="0.1.0.12"][/et_pb_divider][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cheenta. Passion for Mathematics

Advanced Mathematical Science. Taught by olympians, researchers and true masters of the subject.
JOIN TRIAL
support@cheenta.com