Let’s discuss an interesting problem – Loop-The-Loop, useful for Physics Olympiad.

**The Problem:**

A small block of mass (m ) slides along the frictionless loop-the-loop track. If it starts at (A) at height (h=5R) from the bottom of the track then what will be the resulting force acting on the track at (B)?

**Discussion:**

Let the velocity at (B) be (v).

Now,

kinetic energy (\frac{1}{2}mv^2)=potential energy lost (mg(5R-R))

$$ \frac{mv^2}{R}=8mg$$

This is the centrigular force acting horizontally,

The weight acts vertically down.

Hence, the resultant force

$$ F=\sqrt{(8mg)^2+(mg)^2}=\sqrt{65}mg$$

Google