Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME I, 2000 based on Logarithms and Equations.

Logarithms and Equations – AIME I 2000


\(log_{10}(2000xy)-log_{10}xlog_{10}y=4\) and \(log_{10}(2yz)-(log_{10}y)(log_{10}z)=1\) and \(log_{10}(zx)-(log_{10}z)(log_{10}x)=0\) has two solutions \((x_{1},y_{1},z_{1}) and (x_{2},y_{2},z_{2})\) find \(y_{1}+y_{2}\).

  • is 905
  • is 25
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Logarithms

Theory of Equations

Number Theory

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer: is 25.

Source
Suggested Reading

AIME I, 2000, Question 9

Polynomials by Barbeau

Try with Hints


First hint

Rearranging equations we get \(-logxlogy+logx+logy-1=3-log2000\) and \(-logylogz+logy+logz-1=-log2\) and \(-logxlogz+logx+logz-1=-1\)

Second Hint

taking p, q, r as logx, logy and logz, \((p-1)(q-1)=log2\) and \((q-1)(r-1)=log2\) and \( (p-1)(r-1)=1\) which is first system of equations and multiplying the first three equations of the first system gives \((p-1)^{2}(q-1)^{2}(r-1)^{2}=(log 2)^{2}\) gives \((p-1)(q-1)(r-1)=+-(log2)\) which is second equation

Final Step

from both equations (q-1)=+-(log2) gives (logy)+-(log2)=1 gives \(y_{1}=20\),\(y_{2}=5\) then \(y_{1}+y_{2}=25\).

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