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# Inversion and Ptolemy's Theorem

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# Understand the problem

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Ptolemy's Theorem gives a relation between product of diagonals of a quadrilateral with the sum of the product of its opposite sides. However it can be proved using tools from inversive geometry (that Ptolemy probably did not know). Try this!

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Now watch the discussion video

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_video src="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pw-lXWZt5wg" _builder_version="4.1"][/et_pb_video][et_pb_team_member name="Kazi Abu Rousan" position="Cheenta Creative Team" image_url="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Rousan.jpg" _builder_version="4.1"]Kazi is a student of Physics. He loves the relation between physics and mathematics. He is the creator of this beautiful video.[/et_pb_team_member][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Tutorial Problems... try these after watching the video.

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.1" text_font_size="18px" custom_padding="20px|30px|20px|30px|false|false" hover_enabled="0" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset1"]1. How can you generalize Ptolemy's theorem if the quadrilateral is not cyclic?? 2. Suppose two points A, B, are inside a unit circle G. Invert A and B about G to A' and B' respectively. If the length of AB is 0.5, what is the length of A'B'? You may send solutions to support@cheenta.com. Though we usually look into internal students' work, we will try to give you some feedback. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" min_height="12px" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Subscribe to Cheenta's youtube channel

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_code _builder_version="4.0.6"]
[/et_pb_code][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" min_height="12px" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Connected Program at Cheenta

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_blurb title="Math Olympiad Program" url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" image="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/matholympiad.png" _builder_version="4.0.6" header_font="||||||||" header_text_color="#0c71c3" header_font_size="48px" link_option_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" link_option_url_new_window="on"]

Math Olympiad is the greatest and most challenging academic contest for school students. Brilliant school students from over 100 countries participate in it every year. Cheenta works with small groups of gifted students through an intense training program. It is a deeply personalized journey toward intellectual prowess and technical sophistication.[/et_pb_blurb][et_pb_button button_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" button_text="Learn More" button_alignment="center" _builder_version="3.23.3" custom_button="on" button_bg_color="#0c71c3" button_border_color="#0c71c3" button_border_radius="0px" button_font="Raleway||||||||" button_icon="%%3%%" background_layout="dark" button_text_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_color="#0c71c3"][/et_pb_button][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Similar Problems

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_post_slider include_categories="10" image_placement="left" use_text_overlay="on" _builder_version="4.0.6"][/et_pb_post_slider][et_pb_divider _builder_version="3.22.4" background_color="#0c71c3"][/et_pb_divider][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]
[et_pb_section fb_built="1" _builder_version="4.0"][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Understand the problem

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway||||||||" background_color="#f4f4f4" custom_margin="10px||10px" custom_padding="10px|20px|10px|20px" box_shadow_style="preset2"]

Ptolemy's Theorem gives a relation between product of diagonals of a quadrilateral with the sum of the product of its opposite sides. However it can be proved using tools from inversive geometry (that Ptolemy probably did not know). Try this!

[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Now watch the discussion video

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_video src="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pw-lXWZt5wg" _builder_version="4.1"][/et_pb_video][et_pb_team_member name="Kazi Abu Rousan" position="Cheenta Creative Team" image_url="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Rousan.jpg" _builder_version="4.1"]Kazi is a student of Physics. He loves the relation between physics and mathematics. He is the creator of this beautiful video.[/et_pb_team_member][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Tutorial Problems... try these after watching the video.

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.1" text_font_size="18px" custom_padding="20px|30px|20px|30px|false|false" hover_enabled="0" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset1"]1. How can you generalize Ptolemy's theorem if the quadrilateral is not cyclic?? 2. Suppose two points A, B, are inside a unit circle G. Invert A and B about G to A' and B' respectively. If the length of AB is 0.5, what is the length of A'B'? You may send solutions to support@cheenta.com. Though we usually look into internal students' work, we will try to give you some feedback. [/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" min_height="12px" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Subscribe to Cheenta's youtube channel

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_code _builder_version="4.0.6"]
[/et_pb_code][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" min_height="12px" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Connected Program at Cheenta

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_blurb title="Math Olympiad Program" url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" image="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/matholympiad.png" _builder_version="4.0.6" header_font="||||||||" header_text_color="#0c71c3" header_font_size="48px" link_option_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" link_option_url_new_window="on"]

Math Olympiad is the greatest and most challenging academic contest for school students. Brilliant school students from over 100 countries participate in it every year. Cheenta works with small groups of gifted students through an intense training program. It is a deeply personalized journey toward intellectual prowess and technical sophistication.[/et_pb_blurb][et_pb_button button_url="https://www.cheenta.com/matholympiad/" url_new_window="on" button_text="Learn More" button_alignment="center" _builder_version="3.23.3" custom_button="on" button_bg_color="#0c71c3" button_border_color="#0c71c3" button_border_radius="0px" button_font="Raleway||||||||" button_icon="%%3%%" background_layout="dark" button_text_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_color="#0c71c3"][/et_pb_button][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

# Similar Problems

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_post_slider include_categories="10" image_placement="left" use_text_overlay="on" _builder_version="4.0.6"][/et_pb_post_slider][et_pb_divider _builder_version="3.22.4" background_color="#0c71c3"][/et_pb_divider][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][/et_pb_section]

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