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August 22, 2020

Interior Point of a Triangle | PRMO-2017 | Problem No-24

Try this beautiful Problem on Geometry based on Interior Point of a Triangle from PRMO-2017

Interior Point of a Triangle - PRMO, 2017- Problem 24


Let $P$ be an interior point of a triangle $A B C$ whose side lengths are $26,65,78 .$ The line through P parallel to BC meets AB in K and AC in L. The line through P parallel to CA meets BC in M and BA in N. The line through P parallel to AB meets CA in S and CB in T. If KL, MN, ST are of equal lengths, find this common length.

,

  • \(28\)
  • \(30\)
  • No solution is possible.
  • \(26\)
  • \(26\)

Key Concepts


Geometry

Triangle

modulus

Suggested Book | Source | Answer


Suggested Reading

Pre College Mathematics

Source of the problem

Prmo-2017, Problem-24

Check the answer here, but try the problem first

no solution is possible.

Try with Hints


First Hint

We have to find out the common length .

Clearly PKBT, PMCL and PSAN are parallelograms. Let $P T=K B=x, P M=L C=y$,
$\mathrm{PK}=\mathrm{BT}=\mathrm{z}$ and $\mathrm{KL}=\mathrm{MN}=\mathrm{ST}=\ell$
because $\Delta P T M \sim \Delta A B C$ [as $PT ||AB$,$PM||AC$, therefore interior angles are same, so $\triangle PTM \sim \triangle ABC$]

Second Hint

Interior point of a triangle

Since $\Delta \mathrm{PTM} \sim \Delta \mathrm{ABC} $

$\frac{y}{65}=\frac{26-\ell}{26}$

Again, $\Delta \mathrm{NKP} \sim \Delta \mathrm{ABC}$ [ as $NP||AC$, $KP||BC$, therefore interior angles are same, so $\Delta \mathrm{NKP} \sim \Delta \mathrm{ABC}$ ]
$\Rightarrow \frac{\ell-y}{65}=\frac{78-\ell}{78}$

Third Hint

Figure of the Problem

Adding (1)$\&(2)$
$\frac{\ell}{65}=\frac{26-\ell}{26}+\frac{78-\ell}{78}$
$=\frac{78-3(+78-\ell}{78}$
$\Rightarrow 6 \ell=5(156-4 \ell)$
$\Rightarrow 26 \ell=5 \times 156$

$\Rightarrow \ell=\frac{5 \times 156}{26}=30$

But $\ell$ must be less than $26,$ hence no solution is possible.

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