The equation has at least one complex root α such that |α| > 12.
A fun fact : 1729 is the Ramanujan Number; it is the smallest number expressible as the sum of two cubes in two different ways
We conduct normal extrema tests. First derivative is . Critical points are (zeroes of first derivative) are -10 and 20/6. Second Derivative (6x + 20) test tells that -10 is the (x coordinate of ) maxima and 20/6 is minima. Since these maxima and minima turns out to be global extremas, we check f(20/6) and find that it is positive. Hence the function has exactly one real root smaller than -10 (other wise the global minima would have been negative).
Product of the roots is – 1729. Since the coefficients are all real we conclude the complex roots must have occurred in conjugates. Let be a complex root and t be the real root. Then . We wish to show that since t is negative. This says that -13 < t but plugging in -13 in f(x) we see that it is positive. Since the function is monotonically increasing up to -10, the real root must have occurred before -13 (graphing shows that it occurs somewhere between -20 and -19). Hence the claim is false.