INTRODUCING 5 - days-a-week problem solving session for Math Olympiad and ISI Entrance. Learn More 

July 13, 2020

Digits of number | PRMO 2018 | Question 3

Try this beautiful problem from the PRMO, 2018 based on Digits of number.

Digits of number - PRMO 2018


Consider all 6-digit numbers of the form abccba where b is odd. Determine the number of all such 6-digit numbers that are divisible by 7.

  • is 107
  • is 70
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Algebra

Numbers

Multiples

Check the Answer


Answer: is 70.

PRMO, 2018, Question 3

Higher Algebra by Hall and Knight

Try with Hints


First hint

abccba (b is odd)

=a(\(10^5\)+1)+b(\(10^4\)+10)+c(\(10^3\)+\(10^2\))

=a(1001-1)100+a+10b(1001)+(100)(11)c

=(7.11.13.100)a-99a+10b(7.11.13)+(98+2)(11)c

=7p+(c-a) where p is an integer

Second Hint

Now if c-a is a multiple of 7

c-a=7,0,-7

hence number of ordered pairs of (a,c) is 14

Final Step

since b is odd

number of such number=\(14 \times 5\)=70.

Subscribe to Cheenta at Youtube


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cheenta. Passion for Mathematics

Advanced Mathematical Science. Taught by olympians, researchers and true masters of the subject.
JOIN TRIAL
support@cheenta.com
enter