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Try this beautiful problem from the Pre-RMO, 2019 based on Diameter of a circle.

A village has a circular wall around it, and the wall has four gates pointing north, southeast and west. A tree stands outside the village, 16 m north of the north gate, and it can be just seen appearing on the horizon from a point 48 m east of the south gate. Find the diameter in meters of the wall that surrounds the village.

- is 107
- is 48
- is 840
- cannot be determined from the given information

Pythagoras Theorem

Equations

Integer

But try the problem first...

Answer: is 48.

Source

Suggested Reading

PRMO, 2019, Question 25

Geometry Vol I to IV by Hall and Stevens

First hint

Let radius =r

or,\(AB=\sqrt{AO^{2}-OB^{2}}=\sqrt{(16+r)^{2}-r^{2}}\)

\(=\sqrt{256+32r}\)

or, \(AD^{2}+DC^{2}=CA^{2}\)

Second Hint

or, \(48^{2}+(2r+16)^{2}\)

\(=(48+\sqrt{256+32r})^{2}\)

or, \(r^{2}+8r=24\sqrt{256+32r}\)

or, \(r(r+8)=24(4\sqrt{2})(\sqrt{r+8})\)

Final Step

or, r=24

or, 2r=diameter=48.

- https://www.cheenta.com/rational-number-and-integer-prmo-2019-question-9/
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lBPFR9xequA

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