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# Circles and semi-circles| AMC 8, 2010|Problem 23

Try this beautiful problem from Geometry based on Ratio of the area of circle and semi-circles.You may use sequential hints to solve the problem.

Try this beautiful problem from Geometry based on Ratio of the area of circle and semi-circles.

## Area of circles and semi-circles – AMC-8, 2010 – Problem 23

Semicircles POQ and ROS pass through the center O. What is the ratio of the combined areas of the two semicircles to the area of circle O?

• $\frac{1}{2}$
• $\frac{2}{\pi}$
• $\frac{3}{2}$

### Key Concepts

Geometry

Circle

co-ordinate geometry

Answer:$\frac{1}{2}$

AMC-8 (2010) Problem 23

Pre College Mathematics

## Try with Hints

Find the radius of the circle

Can you now finish the problem ……….

Join O and Q

can you finish the problem……..

The co-ordinate of Q is (1,1), So OB=1 and BQ=1

By the Pythagorean Theorem, the radius of the larger circle i.e OQ=$\sqrt{1^2+1^2}$=$\sqrt 2$.

Therefore the area of the larger circle be $\pi (\sqrt 2)^2=2\pi$

Now for the semicircles, radius OB=OC=1(as co-ordinate of P=(1,1) and S=(1,-1))

So, the area of the two semicircles is  $2\times\frac{\pi(1)^2}{2}=\pi$

Finally, the ratio of the combined areas of the two semicircles to the area of circle O is

$\frac{\pi}{2\pi}$=$\frac{1}{2}$

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