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Trigonometry and greatest integer | AIME I, 1997 | Question 11

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination I, AIME I, 1997 based on Trigonometry and greatest integer.

Trigonometry and greatest integer - AIME I, 1997

Let x=\(\frac{\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}cos n}{\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}sin n}\), find greatest integer that does not exceed 100x.

  • is 107
  • is 241
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Greatest Integer


Check the Answer

Answer: is 241.

AIME I, 1997, Question 11

Plane Trigonometry by Loney

Try with Hints

First hint

here \(\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}cosn+\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}sin n\)




Second Hint

\(\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}sin n=(2^\frac{1}{2}-1)\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^{44}cosn\)

\(\Rightarrow x=\frac{1}{2^\frac{1}{2}-1}\)

\(\Rightarrow x= 2^\frac{1}{2}+1\)

Final Step

\(\Rightarrow 100x=(100)(2^\frac{1}{2}+1)\)=241.

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