Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME I, 1996 based on Finding the smallest positive Integer.

## Finding smallest positive Integer – AIME I, 1996

Find the smallest positive integer solution to \(tan19x=\frac{cos96+sin96}{cos96-sin96}\).

- is 107
- is 159
- is 840
- cannot be determined from the given information

**Key Concepts**

Functions

Trigonometry

Integers

## Check the Answer

But try the problem first…

Answer: is 159.

AIME I, 1996, Question 10

Plane Trigonometry by Loney

## Try with Hints

First hint

\(\frac{cos96+sin96}{cos96-sin96}\)

=\(\frac{sin(90+96)+sin96}{sin(90+96)-sin96}\)

=\(\frac{sin186+sin96}{sin186-sin96}\)

=\(\frac{sin(141+45)+sin(141-45)}{sin(141+45)-sin(141-45)}\)

=\(\frac{2sin141cos45}{2cos141sin45}\)

=tan141

Second Hint

here \(tan(180+\theta)\)=\(tan\theta\)

\(\Rightarrow 19x=141+180n\) for some integer n is first equation

Final Step

multiplying equation with 19 gives

\(x \equiv 141\times 19 \equiv 2679 \equiv 159(mod180)\) [since 2679 divided by 180 gives remainder 159]

\(\Rightarrow x=159\).

## Other useful links

- https://www.cheenta.com/cubes-and-rectangles-math-olympiad-hanoi-2018/
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ST58GTF95t4&t=140s