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I.S.I. Entrance Problems

INMO 2020 Problem 4

Let $latex n\ge 3$ be an integer and $latex a_1,a_2,\cdots a_n$ be real numbers satisfying $latex 1<a_2\le a_2\le a_3\cdots \le a_n$. If $latex \Sigma_ia_i=2n$ then prove that $latex 2+a_1+a_1a_2+a_1a_2a_3+\cdots +a_1a_2\cdots a_{n-1}\le a_1a_2\cdots a_n$.The...

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Beautiful problems from Coordinate Geometry

Beautiful problems from Coordinate Geometry

The following problems are collected from a variety of Math Olympiads and mathematics contests like I.S.I. and C.M.I. Entrances. They can be solved using elementary coordinate geometry and a bit of ingenuity.

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An Hour of Beautiful Proofs

Every week we dedicate an hour to Beautiful Mathematics - the Mathematics that shows us how Beautiful is our Intellect. This week, I decided to do three beautiful proofs in this one-hour session... Proof of Fermat's Little Theorem ( via Combinatorics )It uses...

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Math Olympiad

RMO 2019 Maharashtra and Goa Problem 2 Geometry

RMO 2019 Maharashtra and Goa Problem 2 Geometry

Understand the problemGiven a circle $latex \Gamma$, let $latex P$ be a point in its interior, and let $latex l$ be a line passing through $latex P$. Construct with proof using a ruler and compass, all circles which pass through $latex P$, are tangent to $latex...

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College mathematics

Finding Tangent plane: IIT JAM 2018 problem 5

Finding Tangent plane: IIT JAM 2018 problem 5

What are we learning?Gradient is one of the key concepts of vector calculus. We will use this problem from IIT JAM 2018 will use these ideasUnderstand the problemThe tangent plane to the surface $latex z= \sqrt{x^2+3y^2}$ at (1,1,2) is given by \(x-3y+z=0\)...

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An excursion in Linear Algebra

An excursion in Linear Algebra

Did you know Einstein badly needed linear algebra? We will begin from scratch in this open seminar and master useful tools on the way. The open seminar on linear algebra is coming up on 14th November 2019, (8 PM IST).

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Research Tracks

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 6

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 6

Consider fix point of \( R(z) = z^2 - z \) . Which is the solution of $$ R(z) = z \\ \Rightarrow z^2 - z =z \\ \Rightarrow z^2 - 2z =0 \\ \Rightarrow z(z -2) =0 $$ Now , consider the fix point of \( R^2(z) \) . \( \\ \) $$ i.e. R^2(z) = R . R(z) = R(z^2 -z)\\...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 5

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 5

And suppose that R has no periodic points of period n . Then (d, n) is one of the pairs \( (2,2) ,(2,3) ,(3,2) ,(4 ,2) \) , each such pair does arise from some R in this way . The example of such pair is $$ 1. R(z) = z +\frac {(w-1)(z^2 -1)}{2z} ; it \ has \ no \...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 0

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 0

Rational function \( R(z)= \frac {P(z)}{Q(z)} \) ; where P and Q are polynimials . There are some theory about fixed points . Theorem: Let \( \rho \) be the fixed point of the maps R and g be the Mobius map . Then \( gRg^{-1} \) has the same number of fixed points at...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 4

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 4

\( P^m(z) = z \ and \ P^N(z)=z \ where \ m|N \Rightarrow (P^m(z) - z) | (P^N(z)-z) \) The proof of the theorem in Part 0 : Let , P be the polynomials satisfying the hypothesis of theorem 6.2.1 . Let , \( K = \{ z \in C | P^N(z) =z \} \\ \) and let \( M =\{ m \in Z : 1...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 3

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 3

Theory: Let \( \{ \zeta_1 , ......., \zeta_m \} \) be a ratinally indifferent cycle for R and let the multiplier of \( R^m \) at each point of the cycle be \( exp \frac {2 \pi i r}{q} \) where \( (r,q) =1 \) . Then \( \exists \ k \in Z \) and\( mkq \) distinct...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 2

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 2

The lower bound calculation is easy . But for the upper bound , observe that each \( z \in K \) lies in some cycle of length m(z) and we these cycles by \( C_1 , C_2 .....,C_q \) . Further , we denote the length of the cycle by \( m_j \) , so , if \( z \in C_j \) then...

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 1

Arithmetical Dynamics: Part 1

Definition: Suppose that \( \zeta \in C \) is a fixed point of an analytic function \( f \) . Then \( \zeta \) is : a) Super attracting if \( f^{'} (\zeta) =0 \rightarrow \) critical point of \( f \) b) Attractting if \( 0 < |f^{'}( \zeta )|< 1 \ \rightarrow \)...

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Research for School

Research for School

Research projects for school students, in mathematics and data science. For advanced learners who are in love with mathematical science.

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Arithmetical Dynamics: Two possible problems

1.1. Existence of (pre)Periodic Points. These are the topics expanding on I.N. Baker’s theorem. Related reading: (1) Silverman Arithmetic of Dynamical Systems: p 165. Bifurcation polynomials. Exercise 4.12 outlines some known properties and open questions (** = open...

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