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Try this beautiful problem from PRMO, 2019 based on Ratio of the areas.

## Ratio of the areas | PRMO | Problem-19

Let $\mathrm{AB}$ be a diameter of a circle and let $\mathrm{C}$ be a point on the segment $\mathrm{AB}$ such that $\mathrm{AC}: \mathrm{CB}=6: 7 .$ Let $\mathrm{D}$ be a point on the circle such that $\mathrm{DC}$ is perpendicular to $\mathrm{AB}$. Let DE be the diameter through $\mathrm{D}$. If $[\mathrm{XYZ}]$ denotes the area of the triangle XYZ. Find [ABD] / $[\mathrm{CDE}]$ to the nearest integer.

• $20$
• $91$
• $13$
• $23$

### Key Concepts

Geometry

Triangle

Area

But try the problem first…

Answer:$13$

Source

PRMO-2019, Problem 19

Pre College Mathematics

## Try with Hints

First hint

$\angle \mathrm{AOC} \quad=\frac{6 \pi}{13}, \angle \mathrm{BOC}=\frac{7 \pi}{13}$

$\mathrm{Ar} \Delta \mathrm{ABD}=\mathrm{Ar} \Delta \mathrm{ABC}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{AB} \times \mathrm{OC} \sin \frac{6 \pi}{13}$

$\mathrm{Ar} \Delta \mathrm{CDE}=\frac{1}{2} \mathrm{DE} \times \mathrm{OC} \sin \left(\frac{7 \pi}{13}-\frac{6 \pi}{13}\right)$

Second Hint

$\frac{[\mathrm{ABD}]}{[\mathrm{CDE}]}=\frac{\sin \frac{6 \pi}{13}}{\sin \frac{\pi}{13}}=\frac{1}{2 \sin \frac{\pi}{26}}=\mathrm{p}$

because $\sin \theta \cong \theta$ if $\theta$ is small
$\Rightarrow \sin \frac{\pi}{26} \cong \frac{\pi}{26}$

Final Step

$\mathrm{p}=\frac{13}{\pi} \Rightarrow$ Nearest integer to $\mathrm{p}$ is 4