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April 9, 2020

Problem on Series | SMO, 2009 | Problem No. 25

Try this beautiful problem from Singapore Mathematics Olympiad, SMO, 2009 based on Problem on Series.

Problem on Series | SMO Test


Given that \(x+(1+x)^2+(1+x)^3+.........(1+x)^n = a_0 + a_1 x+a_2 x^2+..+a_n x^n\) where each \( a_r\) is an integer , \(r = 0,1,2,...,n\)

Find the value of n such that \(a_0 +a_1 +a_2+a_3 +...........+a_{n-2}+a_{n-1} = 60 -\frac{n(n-1)}{2}\)?

  • 2
  • 5
  • 6
  • 0

Key Concepts


Series Problem

Algebra

Check the Answer


Answer : 5

Singapore Mathematics Olympiad, 2009

Challenges and Thrills - Pre - college Mathematics

Try with Hints


If you got stuck in this sum then we can try by understanding the pattern we are using here.If we assume x = 1 thenn the expression will be

\(x+(1+x)^2+(1+x)^3+.........(1+x)^n = a_0 + a_1 x+a_2 x^2+..+a_n x^n\)

The right hand side of this equation will be

\(a_0 +a_1 + a_2 +a_3+..................+ a_n\)

and the left hand side of the given equation be like

\( 1 + 2^2 + 2^ 3 + ......+2^n\)

\( 1 + 2^2 + 2^ 3 + ......+2^n\) = \(a_0 +a_1 + a_2 +a_3+..................+ a_n\)

Try the rest of the sum..............

In the next hint we continue from the previous hint:

so the expression , \( 1 + 2^2 + 2^ 3 + ......+2^n\) = \(2^{n+1} - 3\)

Again , \(a_1 = 1+2+3+..........+n = \frac {n(n+1)}{2}\)

so \(a_n = 1\)

Now we have almost reach the final step.I am not showing it now.Try first.........

Now coming back to the last step :

\( 60 - \frac {n(n+1)}{2} + \frac {n(n+1}{2} + 1 = (2^{n+1} - 3\)

n = 5 (Answer)

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