Problem Garden

Mathematics is not a spectator sport. Neither is Physics, Computer Science or Chemistry. In this portal, we have gathered (and are adding) problems, discussions and challenges that you may try your hands on.

Tools in Geometry for Pre RMO, RMO and I.S.I. Entrance

Geometry is perhaps the most important topic in mathematics as far as Math Olympiad and I.S.I. Entrance goes. The following list of results may work as an elementary set of tools for handling some geometry problems. 'Learning' them won't do any good. One should 'find'...

PreRMO and I.S.I. Entrance Open Seminar

Advanced Mathematics Seminar  2 hours An Open seminar for Pre-RMO and I.S.I. Entrance 2019 aspirants.  We will work on topics from Number Theory, Geometry and Algebra.  Registration is free. There are only 25 seats available. Date: 29th June, Friday, 6 PM Students...

I.S.I. 2018 Problem 5 – a clever use of Mean Value Theorem

If a function is 'nice' (!), then for every secant line, there is a parallel tangent line! This is the intuition behind the Mean Value Theorem from Differentiable Calculus. The fifth problem from I.S.I. B.Stat and B.Math Entrance 2018, has a clever application of this...

Leibniz Rule, ISI 2018 Problem 4

The Problem Let \(f:(0,\infty)\to\mathbb{R}\) be a continuous function such that for all \(x\in(0,\infty)\), $$f(2x)=f(x)$$Show that the function \(g\) defined by the equation $$g(x)=\int_{x}^{2x} f(t)\frac{dt}{t}~~\text{for}~x>0$$is a constant function. Key Ideas One...

Functional Equation – ISI 2018 Problem 3

The Problem Let \(f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}\) be a continuous function such that for all \(x\in\mathbb{R}\) and for all \(t\geq 0\), $$f(x)=f(e^tx)$$Show that \(f\) is a constant function. Key Ideas Set \( \frac{x_2}{x_1} = t \) for all \( x_1, x_2 > 0 \). Do the same...

Power of a Point – ISI 2018 Problem 2

The Problem Suppose that \(PQ\) and \(RS\) are two chords of a circle intersecting at a point \(O\). It is given that \(PO=3 \text{cm}\) and \(SO=4 \text{cm}\). Moreover, the area of the triangle \(POR\) is \(7 \text{cm}^2\). Find the area of the triangle \(QOS\). Key...

Solutions of equation – I.S.I. 2018 Problem 1

Find all pairs \( (x,y) \) with \(x,y\) real, satisfying the equations $$\sin\bigg(\frac{x+y}{2}\bigg)=0~,~\vert x\vert+\vert y\vert=1$$ Discussion: Back to...

I.S.I. B.Stat, B.Math Entrance 2018 Subjective Paper

Find all pairs \( (x,y) \) with \(x,y\) real, satisfying the equations $$\sin\bigg(\frac{x+y}{2}\bigg)=0~,~\vert x\vert+\vert y\vert=1$$ Suppose...

Injection Principle – Combinatorics

The central goal of Combinatorics is to count things. Usually, there is a set of stuff that you would want to count. It could be number of permutations, number of seating arrangements, number of primes from 1 to 1 million and so on. Counting number of elements in a...

Orthocenter and equal circles

Orthocenter (or the intersection point of altitudes) has an interesting construction. Take three equal circles, and make them pass through one point H. Their other point of intersection creates a triangle ABC. Turns out, H is the orthocenter of ABC. In this process,...

Math Olympiad

Problems and discussions from various math olympiads including RMO, INMO (India), USAMO, AMC (United States), BMC and more.

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Physics Olympiad

Problems from InPhO, KVPY, NSEP and other contests.

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Informative Articles

Selected articles on books, learning methods, and scholarship opportunities.

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I.S.I. & C.M.I. Entrance

Problems and discussions from Test of Mathematics at 10+2 Level, previous year I.S.I. & C.M.I. Entrances.

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College Mathematics

Problems and discussions from TIFR, M.Math, Subject GRE, IIT JAM and more.

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