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# Polynomial Problem | PRMO-2018 | Question 30

Try this Integer Problem from Number theory from PRMO 2018, Question 30 You may use sequential hints to solve the problem.

Try this beautiful Polynomial Problem from Number theorm from PRMO 2018, Question 30.

## Polynomial Problem – PRMO 2018, Question 30

Let $P(x)=a_{0}+a_{1} x+a_{2} x^{2}+\ldots .+a_{n} x^{n}$ be a polynomial in which $a_{i}$ is non-negative integer for each $\mathrm{i} \in{0,1,2,3, \ldots, \mathrm{n}} .$ If $\mathrm{P}(1)=4$ and $\mathrm{P}(5)=136,$ what is the value of $\mathrm{P}(3) ?$

• $30$
• $34$
• $36$
• $39$
• $42$

### Key Concepts

Number theorm

Polynomial

integer

Answer:$34$

PRMO-2018, Problem 30

Pre College Mathematics

## Try with Hints

Given that $P(x)=a_{0}+a_{1} x+a_{2} x^{2}+\ldots .+a_{n} x^{n}$ where $\mathrm{P}(1)=4$ and $\mathrm{P}(5)=136$. Now we have to find out $P(3)$.

Therefore if we put $x=1$ and $x=5$ then we will get two relations . Using these relations we can find out $a_0$ , $a_1$, $a_2$ .

Can you now finish the problem ……….

$a_{0}+a_{1}+a_{2}+\ldots \ldots+a_{n}=4$
$\Rightarrow a_{i} \leq 4$
$a_{0}+5 a_{1}+5^{2} a_{2}+\ldots+a 5^{n} a_{n}=136$
$\Rightarrow a_{0}=1+5 \lambda \Rightarrow a_{0}=1$

Can you finish the problem……..

Hence $5 a_{1}+5^{2} a_{2}+\ldots \ldots+5^{n} a_{n}=135$
$a_{1}+5 a_{2}+\ldots 5^{n-1} a_{n-1}=27$
$\Rightarrow a_{1}=5 \lambda+2 \Rightarrow a_{1}=2$
$\Rightarrow 5 a_{2}+\ldots .5^{n-1} a_{n-1}=25$
$a_{2}+5 a_{3}+\ldots .5^{n-2} a_{n-2}=5$
$\Rightarrow a_{2}=5 \lambda \Rightarrow a_{2}=0$
$a_{3}+5 a_{4}+\ldots \ldots \ldots+5^{n-3} a_{n-3}=1$
$a_{3}=1$
$\Rightarrow a_{4}+5 a_{5}+\ldots .+5^{n-4} a_{n-3}=0$
$a_{4}=a_{5}=\ldots . a_{n}=0$
Hence $P(n)=x^{3}+2 x+1$
$P(3)=34$

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