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AMC 10 USA Math Olympiad

Pigeon Hole Principle Problem-11 from 2011 AMC 10B

This is a beautiful problem from 2011 AMC 10B-Problem 11.We ma use sequential hints.

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    What is The Pigeon Hole Principle?


    The Pigeon Hole Principle (also known as the Dirichlet box principleDirichlet principle or box principle) states that if $ \textbf n+1 $ or more pigeons are placed in $ \textbf n $ holes, then one hole must contain two or more pigeons.

    The extended version of this Principle states that if $ \textbf k$ objects are placed in $ \textbf n$  boxes then at least one box must hold at least $ \frac {k} {n} $ objects.

    Try the problem


    There are $52$ people in a room. what is the largest value of $ \textbf n $ such that the statement “At least $ \textbf n $ people in this room have birthdays falling in the same month” is always true?
    $ \textbf {(A)} 2\quad \textbf {(B)} 3\quad \textbf {(C)} 4\quad \textbf {(D)} 5\quad \textbf {(E)} 12$

    2011 AMC 10B Problem 11

    The Pigeon Hole Principle

    6 out of 10

    Mathematics Circle

    Knowledge Graph


    Pigeon Hole-Knowledge Graph

    Use some hints


    You have $52$ people in a room. You have to place them in $12$ boxes.

    can you say why did i take $12$ boxes?

    Because there are $12$ months in year.

    One box must have at least $ \frac {52} {12} $

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