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Algebra Math Olympiad PRMO USA Math Olympiad

Pen & Note Books Problem| PRMO-2017 | Question 8

Try this beautiful Pen & Note Books Problem from Algebra from PRMO 2017, Question 8. You may use sequential hints to solve the problem.

Try this beautiful Pen & Note Books Problem from Algebra, from PRMO 2017.

Pen & Note Books – PRMO 2017, Question 8


A pen costs $Rs 11$ and a notebook costs $Rs. 13 .$ Find the number of ways in which a person can spend exactly Rs.1000 to buy pens and notebooks.

  • $9$
  • $7$
  • $11$

Key Concepts


Algebra

Equation

multiplication

Check the Answer


But try the problem first…

Answer:$7$

Source
Suggested Reading

PRMO-2017, Problem 8

Pre College Mathematics

Try with Hints


First hint

Given A pen costs Rs.\(11\) and a note book costs Rs.\(13\)

$11 x+13 y=1000$………………….(1)

Can you now finish the problem ……….

Second Hint

Now $11 x+13 y=1000$
$\Rightarrow 11 x=1000-13 y=(1001-11 y)-(2 y+1)$

=$11(91-y)-(2 y+1)$
$\Rightarrow 11 | 2 y+1$
Let $2 y+1=11(2 k-1), k \in I^{+}$
$\Rightarrow y=11 \mathrm{k}-6$
therefore $11 x=11(97-11 k)-11(2 k-1)$
$\Rightarrow x=98-13 k$
But $x>0 \Rightarrow k<\frac{98}{13} \Rightarrow k \leq 7$

Can you finish the problem……..

Final Step

But $x>0 \Rightarrow k<\frac{98}{13} \Rightarrow k \leq 7$
therefore for each $\mathrm{k} \in{1,2, \ldots ., 7},$ we get a unique pair $(\mathrm{x}, \mathrm{y})=(98-13 \mathrm{k}, 11 \mathrm{k}-6)$ satisfying equation
Hence 7 ways are possible.

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