**Problem:** A *function* \(f\) from set \(A\) into set \(B\) is a rule which assigns each element \(x\) in \(A\), a unique (one and only one) element (denoted by \(f(x)\) in \(B\). A function of set from \(A\) into \(B\) is called an *ont*o function, if for each element \(y\) in \(B\) there is some element \(x\) in \(A\), such that \(f(x)=y\). Now suppose that \(A =\) {\(1,2,\cdots,n\)} and \(B=\){\(1,2,3\)}. Determine the total number of onto functions of \(A\) into \(B\).

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