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Explore the Back-StoryTry this problem on periodic motion due to electrostatic force from NSEP 2015 Problem 12.

A particle of mass m and charge $-q$ moves along a diameter of a uniform spherical distribution of radius R with total charge $+Q$. The angular frequency of the periodic motion performed by the particle is

a) $\sqrt{\frac{2\pi qQ}{\epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ b) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{2\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ c) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{\epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ d) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$

Periodic Motion

Gauss's Law of Electrostatic

Suggested Reading

Source of the Problem

Answer

Concept of Physics H.C. Verma

University Physics by H. D. Young and R.A. Freedman

Fundamental of Physics D. Halliday, J. Walker and R. Resnick

National Standard Examination in Physics(NSEP) 2015-2016

Option-(d) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$

Hint 1

Hint 2

Hint 3

The problem describe a structure something like that,

The whole blue region is charged and the black particle oscillates between A and B. We have to find the angular velocity of this oscillation.

To solve this problem we have to find what will be the Electric force inside the sphere. Using the gauss's law we can solve that.

Using the gauss's law, if we consider a Gaussian surface (sphere) of radius $r$, then charge inside that region is $Q_{in} = \frac{Q}{\frac{4}{3}\pi R^3}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 = Q\cdot \frac{r^3}{R^3}$

$$E\cdot 4\pi r^2 = \frac{Q_{in}}{\epsilon_0}$$

This means the particle will get a force of $F = -q E = -\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon}\frac{r}{R^3}$

Arranging this in a equation,

$$ F = m\frac{d^2r}{dt^2} = -\frac{qQr}{4\pi \epsilon R^3}$$

This reduces to ,

$$ \frac{d^2r}{dt^2} + \frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon mR^3}r =0$$

We know that $w^2 = \frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon mR^3}$. This gives $$ w = \sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}} $$

Physics Olympiad Program at Cheenta

Try this problem on periodic motion due to electrostatic force from NSEP 2015 Problem 12.

A particle of mass m and charge $-q$ moves along a diameter of a uniform spherical distribution of radius R with total charge $+Q$. The angular frequency of the periodic motion performed by the particle is

a) $\sqrt{\frac{2\pi qQ}{\epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ b) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{2\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ c) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{\epsilon_0 mR^3}}$ d) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$

Periodic Motion

Gauss's Law of Electrostatic

Suggested Reading

Source of the Problem

Answer

Concept of Physics H.C. Verma

University Physics by H. D. Young and R.A. Freedman

Fundamental of Physics D. Halliday, J. Walker and R. Resnick

National Standard Examination in Physics(NSEP) 2015-2016

Option-(d) $\sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}}$

Hint 1

Hint 2

Hint 3

The problem describe a structure something like that,

The whole blue region is charged and the black particle oscillates between A and B. We have to find the angular velocity of this oscillation.

To solve this problem we have to find what will be the Electric force inside the sphere. Using the gauss's law we can solve that.

Using the gauss's law, if we consider a Gaussian surface (sphere) of radius $r$, then charge inside that region is $Q_{in} = \frac{Q}{\frac{4}{3}\pi R^3}\frac{4}{3}\pi r^3 = Q\cdot \frac{r^3}{R^3}$

$$E\cdot 4\pi r^2 = \frac{Q_{in}}{\epsilon_0}$$

This means the particle will get a force of $F = -q E = -\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon}\frac{r}{R^3}$

Arranging this in a equation,

$$ F = m\frac{d^2r}{dt^2} = -\frac{qQr}{4\pi \epsilon R^3}$$

This reduces to ,

$$ \frac{d^2r}{dt^2} + \frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon mR^3}r =0$$

We know that $w^2 = \frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon mR^3}$. This gives $$ w = \sqrt{\frac{qQ}{4\pi \epsilon_0 mR^3}} $$

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