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Kaprekar Contest (NMTC SUB-JUNIOR LEVEL - VII & VIII Grades) - Problems and Solution

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Problem 1

The value of $(\sqrt{2023 \sqrt{2022 \sqrt{(2021 \times 2019)+1}+1}+1})$ is

(a) 2023
(b) 2022
(c) 2021
(d) $(\sqrt{2023 \times 2022})$

Problem 2

In the adjoining figure, $(\triangle \mathrm{ABC})$ is an isosceles right-angled triangle. $(\mathrm{BE})$ is perpendicular to $(\mathrm{AD})$. If $(\mathrm{BE}=1 \mathrm{~cm})$, then the area in $(\mathrm{cm}^2) )$ of the quadrilateral $(\mathrm{ABCD})$ is

(a) 1
(b) $(\frac{3}{2})$
(c) 2
(d) $(\frac{4}{3})$

Problem 3

If (a+b+c=0), then the value of $(\frac{\left(a^2+b^2+c^2\right)^2}{a^4+b^4+c^4})$ is

(a) 1
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 4

Problem 4

Ram, Rahim, Robin and Ria are four children, the product of whose ages is 5040 . Ram is older than Rahim by one year, older then Robin by two years and older than by Ria by three years. The age of Ram (in years) is

(a) 15
(b) 7
(c) 12
(d) 10

Problem 5

A fruit-seller sells apples, oranges and pineapples. In his stock, (20 \%) are pineapples and (60 \%) are oranges. There are 40 apples. If half the oranges are replaced by pineapples, how many pineapples are there in the shop now?

(a) 40
(b) 60
(c) 80
(d) 100

Problem 6

A carpenter can repair 4 tables in 5 hours. The time (in hours) for him to Repair (at the same rate) 7 tables is

(a) 8
(b) 7
(c) 7 $\dfrac{1}{2}$
(d) 8 $\dfrac{3}{4}$

Problem 7

In the adjoining figure, $(\mathrm{AB}=\mathrm{AC}, \angle \mathrm{C}=80^{\circ})$ and $(\mathrm{BC}=\mathrm{BD}=\mathrm{DE})$. Then the measure (in degrees) of angle $(\mathrm{ADE})$ is

(a) 9
(b) 35
(c) 15
(d) 40

Problem 8

In the adjoining figure, $(\mathrm{ABCD})$ is a Square. Given $(\mathrm{BE}=\mathrm{AB})$. If the measure of $(\angle \mathrm{DFC})$ (in degrees) is $(\mathrm{x}^{\circ})$ then the value of $(2 \mathrm{x})$ (in degrees) is

(a) 205
(b) 190
(c) 200
(d) 215

Problem 9

Two real numbers $(\mathrm{a}, \mathrm{b})$ where $(\mathrm{a}>\mathrm{b}) $ are given such that their sum is equal to 4 times their difference. The value of $(\frac{2 a b}{3\left(a^2-b^2\right)})$ is

(a) $(\frac{2}{3})$
(b) $(\frac{1}{2})$
(c) 1
(d) $(\frac{5}{8})$

Problem 10

The average of three numbers is $(\mathrm{x})$. Two of the three numbers are $(\mathrm{y})$ and $(\mathrm{z})$. Then, the third number is

(a) (3 x+y+z)
(b) (y+z+3 x)
(c) (3 x-y-z)
(d) $(\frac{y+z}{3})$

Problem 11

From a natural number 3 is subtracted, then the result is divided by 4 and the outcome is increased by 4 and the whole result is then divided by 5 . The final resulting number is 2 . Then the natural number taken in the beginning is

(a) a perfect square
(b) a perfect cube
(c) an even number
(d) divisible by 13

Problem 12

For all permissible natural numbers ' (n) ', the number $(\frac{9 n^2-64}{n-1-\frac{1}{1-\frac{n}{n+4}}})$ is

(a) a proper fraction
(c) a natural number divisible by 4
(b) an improper fraction
(d) an odd integer

Problem 13

The number of solutions of the equation $(\sqrt{\mathrm{x}+5}+\sqrt{3 \mathrm{x}+4}=\sqrt{12 \mathrm{x}+1})$ is

(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3

Problem 14

If $(\frac{1}{1 \times 3}+\frac{1}{2 \times 4}+\frac{1}{3 \times 5}+\ldots \ldots \ldots+\frac{1}{n(n+2)}=\frac{3553}{4830})$, then $(n=)$

(a) 68
(b) 65
(c) 73
(d) 90

Problem 15

In the adjoining figure, $(\angle \mathrm{BAE}=16^{\circ})$ and $(\angle \mathrm{CBG}=12^{\circ})$. Then the measure of $(\mathrm{x}+\mathrm{y})$ (in degrees) is

(a) $(116^{\circ})$
(b) $(123^{\circ})$
(c) $(114^{\circ})$
(d) $(122^{\circ})$

Problem 16

There are 3 pineapples, 6 bananas and 7 apples. Each fruit of the same category is of same price. The total amount of the fruits of the 1st row is ₹44, that of the 3rd row is ₹54 and that of the 1st column is ₹72. Then the total amount (in Rupees) of the fruits in the 2 nd row is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 17

If $2^{2^{x^2-1}}=16$, then the value of $x^4$ is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 18

In the adjoining figure, two rectangles and two right-angled triangles are arranged as shown. The numbers shown inside each are their respective areas. Then the area of $\mathrm{A}$ is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 19

The sum of the length and breadth of a rectangle is $6 \mathrm{~cm}$. A square is constructed whose side is equal to the diagonal of the rectangle. If the ratio of the areas of the square and the rectangle is $5: 2$, then the area of the square $\left(\right.$ in $\left.\mathrm{cm}^2\right)$ is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 20

If the area of a circle of radius 5 is numerically $x \%$ of its circumference, then $x=$ \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 21

There are 3 real positive numbers. The second is greater than the first by the amount the third is greater than the second. The product of the two smaller numbers is 85 and that of the two bigger numbers is 115 . Then the difference between the smallest and the greatest numbers is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 22

The numbers $1,3,6,10, \ldots$ are called triangular numbers. The nth triangular number $T_n=\frac{n(n+1)}{2}$. Then the value of $T_{3 n+1}-9 T_n$ is equal to \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 23

I read $\frac{3}{8}$ of a book on one day and $\frac{4}{5}$ of the remainder on another day. If 30 pages are still unread, then the total number of pages in the book is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 24

Three persons A, B, C participate in a running race for $1 \mathrm{~km}$ distance. When A and B run, A wins by 60 seconds; when A, C run, A wins by 375 metres. When B and C run, B wins by 30 seconds. If the time taken by $\mathrm{B}$ to run the $1 \mathrm{~km}$ distance is $\mathrm{x}$ minutes and 30 seconds, then $\mathrm{x}=$ \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 25

A ruler with no mark on it can measure its own length $\mathrm{AB}$. A ruler with only one mark on it can measure 3 lengths $\mathrm{AB}, \mathrm{AC}, \mathrm{BC}$. A ruler with two marks on it can measure 6 lengths $\mathrm{AB}, \mathrm{AC}, \mathrm{CD}, \mathrm{DB}, \mathrm{AD}$ and CB. Then the number of lengths a ruler with 4 marks on it can measure is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 26

In the adjoining figure, The value of $\mathrm{x}$ (in degrees) is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 27

In the adjoining figure, $\mathrm{AB} || \mathrm{DC}$. Also, $\mathrm{PG}=\mathrm{PF}$. The measure of angle $\mathrm{x}$ (in degrees) is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 28

The sum of the first and last of four consecutive odd integers is 52 . The sum of all of them is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 29

The square root of a number plus 2 gives the number itself. Then the number is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

Problem 30

$\mathrm{ABCD}$ and CEFG are two squares such That the extension of GE (diagonal Of CEFG passes through B. Given $\mathrm{BE}=6 \mathrm{~cm}$ and $\mathrm{CG}=4 \sqrt{2} \mathrm{~cm}$. Then the area of square $\mathrm{ABCD}\left(\mathrm{in} \mathrm{~cm}^2\right)$ is \(\rule{1cm}{0.15mm}\) .

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