Get inspired by the success stories of our students in IIT JAM 2021. Learn More 

ISI MStat PSB 2012 Problem 5 | Application of Central Limit Theorem

This is a very beautiful sample problem from ISI MStat PSB 2012 Problem 5 based on central limit theorem . Let's give it a try !!

Problem- ISI MStat PSB 2012 Problem 5


Let \( X_{1}, X_{2}, \ldots, X_{j} \ldots \) be i.i.d. \(N(0,1)\) random variables. Show that for any \(a>0\)

\( \lim {n \rightarrow \infty} P(\sum_{i=1}^{n} {X_i}^2 \leq a) = 0 \)

Prerequisites


Limit

Central Limit Theorem

Normal Distribution

Chi- Square Distribution

Solution :

\( X_{1}, X_{2}, \ldots, X_{j} \ldots \) are i.i.d. \(N(0,1)\) random variables .

Let \( S_n = \sum_{i=1}^{n} {X_i}^2 \) , then \( S_n \sim \chi^{2}(n) \) , where \( \chi^{2}(n) \) is Chi-Square distribution with n degrees of freedom .

Therefore , \( E(S_n)= n \) and \( Var(S_n)=2n \) .

In this type of problems obvious thing that would come to our mind is to apply Central Limit Theorem right ! Let's try to apply it .

Now by Lindeberg Levy Central Limit Theorem we can say \( \frac{S_n-E(S_n)}{\sqrt{Var(S_n)}} \) = \( \frac{S_n-n}{\sqrt{2n}} {\to }^{d} N(0,1) \) , as n approaches infinity.

So, \( \lim {n \rightarrow \infty} P(\sum_{i=1}^{n} {X_i}^2 \leq a) \)

= \( \lim {n \rightarrow \infty} P( \frac{S_n-n}{\sqrt{2n}} \le \frac{a-n}{\sqrt{2n}} ) \)

= \( \lim {n \rightarrow \infty} \Phi(\frac{a-n}{\sqrt{2n}}) \)

= \( \lim {n \rightarrow \infty} \Phi(\frac{a}{\sqrt{2n}}- \sqrt{\frac{n}{2}}) = \Phi(0- \infty) \) (Since \( \Phi(x) \) is right continuous ) \( = 0 \) .

Hence Proved .


Food For Thought

Let \( \{X_{1}: i \geq 1 \}\) be a sequence of independent random variables each having a normal distribution with mean 2 and variance 5.Then \( (\frac{1}{n} \sum_{i=1}^{n} x_{i})^{2} \) converges in probability to ?


ISI MStat PSB 2008 Problem 10
Outstanding Statistics Program with Applications

Outstanding Statistics Program with Applications

Subscribe to Cheenta at Youtube


Knowledge Partner

Cheenta is a knowledge partner of Aditya Birla Education Academy
Cheenta

Cheenta Academy

Aditya Birla Education Academy

Aditya Birla Education Academy

Cheenta. Passion for Mathematics

Advanced Mathematical Science. Taught by olympians, researchers and true masters of the subject.
JOIN TRIAL
support@cheenta.com