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August 5, 2020

How to Pursue Mathematics after High School?

For Students who are passionate for Mathematics and want to pursue it for higher studies in India and abroad.

This is a very beautiful sample problem from ISI MStat PSB 2006 Problem 1 based on Inverse of a matrix. Let's give it a try !!

Problem- ISI MStat PSB 2006 Problem 1


Let A and B be two invertible \( n \times n\) real matrices. Assume that \( A+B\) is invertible. Show that \( A^{-1}+B^{-1}\) is also invertible.

Prerequisites


Matrix Multiplication

Inverse of a matrix

Solution :

We are given that A,B,A+B are all invertible real matrices . And in this type of problems every information given is a hint to solve the problem let's give a try to use them to show that \( A^{-1}+B^{-1}\) is also invertible.

Observe that ,\( A(A^{-1}+B^{-1})B= (B+A) \Rightarrow |A^{-1}+B^{-1}|=\frac{|A+B|}{|A| |B| } \) taking determinant is both sides as A+B , A and B are invertible so |A+B| , |A| and |B| are non-zero . Hence \(A^{-1}+B^{-1} \) is also non-singular .

Again we have , \( A(A^{-1}+B^{-1})B= (B+A) \Rightarrow B^{-1} {(A^{-1}+B^{-1})}^{-1} A^{-1} = {(A+B)}^{-1} \) , taking inverse on both sides .

Now as A+B , A and B are invertible so , we have \( {(A^{-1}+B^{-1})}^{-1}=B {(A+B)}^{-1} A \) . Hence we are done .


Food For Thought

If \( A \& B\) are non-singular matrices of the same order such that \( (A+B) \) and \( \left(A+A B^{-1} A\right) \) are also non-singular, then find the value of \( (A+B)^{-1}+\left(A+A B^{-1} A\right)^{-1} \).


ISI MStat PSB 2008 Problem 10
Outstanding Statistics Program with Applications

Outstanding Statistics Program with Applications

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What to do to shape your Career in Mathematics after 12th? 

From the video below, let's learn from Dr. Ashani Dasgupta (a Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Milwaukee-Wisconsin and Founder-Faculty of Cheenta) how you can shape your career in Mathematics and pursue it after 12th in India and Abroad. These are some of the key questions that we are discussing here:

  • What are some of the best colleges for Mathematics that you can aim to apply for after high school?
  • How can you strategically opt for less known colleges and prepare yourself for the best universities in India or Abroad for your Masters or Ph.D. Programs?
  • What are the best universities for MS, MMath, and Ph.D. Programs in India?
  • What topics in Mathematics are really needed to crack some great Masters or Ph.D. level entrances?
  • How can you pursue a Ph.D. in Mathematics outside India?
  • What are the 5 ways Cheenta can help you to pursue Higher Mathematics in India and abroad?

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