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December 30, 2015

RMO 2015 Mumbai Region Solution | Inequality

This is a problem from RMO 2015 Mumbai Region based on inequality.

Problem: RMO 2015 Mumbai Region

Let x, y, z be real numbers such that x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - 2xyz = 1 . Prove that (1+x)(1+y)(1+z) \le 4 + 4xyz

Discussion

Note that (x+y+z)^2 = x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + 2(xy+yz+zx)  .

According to the given condition x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1 + 2xyz  .

Therefore (x+y+z)^2 = x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + 2(xy+yz+zx) = 1 + 2xyz + 2(xy+yz+zx)  .

Adding 2(x+y+z) + 1 to both sides,

(x+y+z)^2 + 2(x+y+z) + 1 = 1 + 2xyz + 2(xy+yz+zx) + 2(x+y+z) + 1
\Rightarrow (x+y+z+1)^2 = 2(1 + xyz + xy+yz+zx + x+y+z)
\Rightarrow (x+y+z+1)^2 = 2(1+x)(1+y)(1+z)
We wish to show (1+x)(1+y)(1+z) \le 4 + 4xyz
or 2(1+x)(1+y)(1+z) \le 2(4 + 4xyz) = 4(2 + 2xyz)
Replacing 2xyz by x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - 1 we have
2(1+x)(1+y)(1+z) \le 2(4 + 4xyz) = 4(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + 1) (this is what we need to show).
Therefore we need to show (x+y+z+1)^2 \le 4(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 + 1)
This is true by Cauchy Schwarz Inequality.

PROOF 2 (suggested by Arkabrata Das)

CHECK FILE: new doc 1720151229235503023

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4 comments on “RMO 2015 Mumbai Region Solution | Inequality”

  1. PQRS is a square. T is any point on PR. Perpendiculars TA and TB are drawn on PS and PQ respectively.
    TW is drawn perpendicular to AQ and RZ is drawn perpendicular to AQ. Prove that AW=ZQ.

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