Area problem

Home Forums Math Olympiad Area problem


This topic contains 1 reply, has 2 voices, and was last updated by  Nitin Prasad 3 weeks ago.

Viewing 2 posts - 1 through 2 (of 2 total)
  • Author
  • #28194

    swastik pramanik

    Let (O) and (H) be the circumcenter and orthocenter of an acute angled triangle (ABC). Prove that the area of one of the triangles (AOH, BOH) and (COH) is the sum of the areas of the other two.


    Nitin Prasad

    Following is a proof using vectors. Let’s denote position vector of point P by $$\vec{P}$$

    Let $$\vec{O}=\vec{0}$$, and then observe that $$\vec{H}=\vec{A}+\vec{B}+\vec{C}$$

    Now let signed area of a triangle ABC be (we consider its sign as positive if A,B,C are in antclockwise direction) denoted by (ABC)


    Now observe that $$(ABC)=\frac{1}{2}\vec{BC}\times \vec{BA}=\frac{1}{2}(\vec{B}\times\vec{C}+\vec{C}\times\vec{A}+\vec{A}\times\vec{B})$$

    Hence we have

    • $$(AOH)=\frac{1}{2}(\vec{A}+\vec{B}+\vec{C})\times\vec{A}$$
    • $$(BOH)=\frac{1}{2}(\vec{A}+\vec{B}+\vec{C})\times\vec{B}$$
    • $$(COH)=\frac{1}{2}(\vec{A}+\vec{B}+\vec{C})\times\vec{C}$$

    Now if not all three of them are 0, then there are two of the above three signed area have same sign. WLOG let’s consider (BOH) and (COH) have same sign, then


    Hence we have our desired result.

Viewing 2 posts - 1 through 2 (of 2 total)

You must be logged in to reply to this topic.