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January 1, 2020

How to Pursue Mathematics after High School?

For Students who are passionate for Mathematics and want to pursue it for higher studies in India and abroad.
[et_pb_section fb_built="1" _builder_version="3.22.4"][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

What are we learning?

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.0.9" text_font="Raleway||||||||" text_font_size="18px" background_color="#f4f4f4" custom_margin="50px||50px||false|false" custom_padding="10px|20px|10px|20px" box_shadow_style="preset2"]We will learn to find tangent plane by solving an IIT JAM 2018 Problem. This is the Question no. 5 of the IIT JAM 2018 Solved Paper Series. Go through this link for Question no. 6. Gradient is one of the key concepts of vector calculus. We will use this problem from IIT JAM 2018 to clear our concepts.

 

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

Understand the problem

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.0.9" text_font="Raleway||||||||" background_color="#f4f4f4" custom_margin="50px||50px||false|false" custom_padding="10px|20px|10px|20px" box_shadow_style="preset2"]The tangent plane to the surface z= \sqrt{x^2+3y^2} at (1,1,2) is given by
  1. \(x-3y+z=0\)
  2. \(x+3y-2z=0\)
  3. \(2x+4y-3z=0\)
  4. \(3x-7y+2z=0\)
[/et_pb_text][/et_pb_column][/et_pb_row][et_pb_row _builder_version="3.25"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="3.25" custom_padding="|||" custom_padding__hover="|||"][et_pb_accordion open_toggle_text_color="#0c71c3" _builder_version="4.0.9" toggle_font="||||||||" body_font="Raleway||||||||" text_orientation="center" custom_margin="10px||10px"][et_pb_accordion_item title="Source of the problem" open="on" _builder_version="4.0.9"]IIT Jam 2018[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Key competency" _builder_version="4.0.9" open="off"]Gradient[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Difficulty Level" _builder_version="4.0.9" open="off"]Easy[/et_pb_accordion_item][et_pb_accordion_item title="Suggested Book" _builder_version="4.0.9" open="off"]
Calculus: Multi-Variable Calculus and Linear Algebra with Applications to Differential Equations and Probability – Vol 2Tom M. Apostol
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Look at the knowledge graph...

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/IIT-JAM-2018-Problem-5.png" align="center" admin_label="knowledge graph" _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.0.9" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="48px||48px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

Start with hints

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_tabs active_tab_background_color="#0c71c3" inactive_tab_background_color="#000000" _builder_version="4.0.9" tab_text_color="#ffffff" tab_font="||||||||" background_color="#ffffff"][et_pb_tab title="Hint 0" _builder_version="3.22.4"]Do you really need a hint? Try it first!

[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 1" _builder_version="4.0.9"]Given a differentiable function \(Z=f(x,y)\), Observe that when we are asked to find a tangent plane at \((x_0,y_0,z_0)\) then the picture that comes in our mind is a plane that touches the curve at a point.

When we are in dimension \(2\) it is just a line, (easy to visualize), dim 3 a plane (still visible), dim 4,5,…. a surface which is hard to see, but we can plug in \(x=x_0\) in the equation \(z=f(x,y)\) to have \(z=f(x_0,y)\) which is just a curve in 2D then we can visualize the tangent line at \(y=y_0\) is a part of the tangent plane \(z=f(x,y)\) isn’t it?? The same thing is true of about the tangent line at \(x=x_0\) for the curve \(z=f(x,y_0)\). These \(f(x,y_0)\) and \(f(x_0,y)\) are called sections of the curve \(f(x,y)=z\) . Here \((x_0,y_0,z_0)=(1,2,3)\). So, quickly find out \(f(1,y)\) and \(f(x,1)\).    

[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 2" _builder_version="4.0.9"]You can see that \(f(1,y)=\sqrt{1+3y^{2}}\) and \(f(x,1)= \sqrt{x^{2}+3}\) Now observe that the tangent plane of the curve \(z=f(x,y)\) is a plane right !! What will be the basic structure of a plane at \((x_0,y_0,z_0)\)?

[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 3" _builder_version="4.0.9"]

It is a \(a(x-x_0)+ b(y-y_0)+ c(z-z_0)=0\) ----------------------(1) Now see that \((x_0,y_0,z_0)=(1,1,2)\) is already given in the question. Hence the unknown is \((a,b,c)\) . Equation (1) implies \(z = z_0+ \frac{a}{c}(x-x_0)+ \frac{b}{c}(y-y_0)\) Differentiating the equation by \(x\) we get, \(z_x= \frac{a}{c}\) Differentiating the equation by \(y\) we get, \(z_y= \frac{b}{c}\) Hence the equation of the tangent plane is \(z=z_0+z_x|_{(x_0,y_0)}(x-x_0)+ z_y|_{(x_0,y_0)}(y-y_0)\) So calculate \(z_x\) and \(z_y\) at \((x_0,y_0)\)

[/et_pb_tab][et_pb_tab title="Hint 4" _builder_version="4.0.9"]

\(z_x = \frac{d}{dx}f(x,1)= \frac{2x}{2\sqrt{x^{2}+3}}|_{(1,1)} = \frac{2}{4}= \frac{1}{2}\) \(z_y=\frac{d}{dy}f(1,y)=\frac{6y}{2\sqrt{1+3y^2}}|_{(1,1)}=\frac{6}{2 \times 2}=\frac{3}{2}\) So the equation of the tangent line is \(z= 2+\frac{1}{2}(x-1)+\frac{3}{2}(y-1)\) \(\Rightarrow 2z= 4+x-1+3y-3\)

\(x+3y-2z=0\) (Ans)

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Try to answer this question

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Play with graph

[/et_pb_text][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/JAM-5-1-scaled.jpg" _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_image _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/IIT-JAM-51-1-scaled.jpg" _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/IIT-JAM-52-scaled.jpg" _builder_version="4.1" hover_enabled="0"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_image src="https://www.cheenta.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/IIT-JAM-53-scaled.jpg" _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_image][et_pb_divider _builder_version="4.0.9"][/et_pb_divider][et_pb_code _builder_version="3.26.4"]https://apis.google.com/js/platform.js
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Connected Program at Cheenta

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The higher mathematics program caters to advanced college and university students. It is useful for I.S.I. M.Math Entrance, GRE Math Subject Test, TIFR Ph.D. Entrance, I.I.T. JAM. The program is problem driven. We work with candidates who have a deep love for mathematics. This program is also useful for adults continuing who wish to rediscover the world of mathematics.[/et_pb_blurb][et_pb_button button_url="https://www.cheenta.com/collegeprogram/" button_text="Learn More" button_alignment="center" _builder_version="3.23.3" custom_button="on" button_bg_color="#0c71c3" button_border_color="#0c71c3" button_border_radius="0px" button_font="Raleway||||||||" button_icon="%%3%%" background_layout="dark" button_text_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_style="preset1" box_shadow_color="#0c71c3"][/et_pb_button][et_pb_text _builder_version="3.27.4" text_font="Raleway|300|||||||" text_text_color="#ffffff" header_font="Raleway|300|||||||" header_text_color="#e2e2e2" background_color="#0c71c3" custom_margin="50px||50px" custom_padding="20px|20px|20px|20px" border_radii="on|5px|5px|5px|5px" box_shadow_style="preset3"]

Similar Problems

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What to do to shape your Career in Mathematics after 12th? 

From the video below, let's learn from Dr. Ashani Dasgupta (a Ph.D. in Mathematics from the University of Milwaukee-Wisconsin and Founder-Faculty of Cheenta) how you can shape your career in Mathematics and pursue it after 12th in India and Abroad. These are some of the key questions that we are discussing here:

  • What are some of the best colleges for Mathematics that you can aim to apply for after high school?
  • How can you strategically opt for less known colleges and prepare yourself for the best universities in India or Abroad for your Masters or Ph.D. Programs?
  • What are the best universities for MS, MMath, and Ph.D. Programs in India?
  • What topics in Mathematics are really needed to crack some great Masters or Ph.D. level entrances?
  • How can you pursue a Ph.D. in Mathematics outside India?
  • What are the 5 ways Cheenta can help you to pursue Higher Mathematics in India and abroad?

Want to Explore Advanced Mathematics at Cheenta?

Cheenta has taken an initiative of helping College and High School Passout Students with its "Open Seminars" and "Open for all Math Camps". These events are extremely useful for students who are really passionate for Mathematic and want to pursue their career in it.

To Explore and Experience Advanced Mathematics at Cheenta
Register here

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