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# Cyclic Group problem in NBHM M.Sc. 2013

This a problem from from National Board for Higher Mathematics (NBHM) 2013 based on Cyclic Group Problem for M.Sc Students.

Which of the following statements are true?

1. Every group of order 11 is cyclic.
2. Every group of order 111 is cyclic.
3. Every group of order 1111 is cyclic.

Discussion:

1. Every group of order 11 is cyclic. This is true. We know that (for example from Lagrange's Theorem) that a group of prime order is necessarily cyclic.
2. Every group of order 111 is cyclic. This is true. $111 = 3 \times 37$. This is a favorite problem for any college level test maker. Order of this group is of the form $p \times q$ where p and q are primes. This group is isomorphic to $Z_p \times Z_q$ that is the direct product of two cyclic groups of prime order. We have this theorem:  Let G be a group of order pq, where p,q are prime, p<q, and p does not divide q−1. Then G is cyclic. The proof of this theorem directly follows from Sylow's Theorem.
3. Every group of order 1111 is cyclic. This is true. $1111 = 11 \times 101$ and using the argument of the previous problem we conclude that it is cyclic.

Critical Ideas: Lagrange's Theorem, Sylow's Theorem, Classification of finite abelian groups

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