Categories
College Mathematics

# Continuous Function: TIFR 2017 Problem 10

This question appeared in TIFR 2017. Now this type of problem requires knowledge from the very basic of continous functions.

[h5p id="16"]

# Understand the problem

There exist a non-negative continuous function $f: [0,1] \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$such that $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n} dx \longrightarrow 2$as $\longrightarrow \infty$(a) TRUE (b) FALSE

TIFR PROBLEM 10

##### Topic
Continuous Function
EASY
##### Suggested Book
REAL ANALYSIS BY S.K MAPA

Do you really need a hint? Try it first!
Rather I want to say that it is a comment on the question that here $f^{n}$does not mean $f \circ f \circ . . . . . . \circ f$( $n$times). Here $f^{n}= f \bullet f . . . . . \bullet f$( $n$times). Now do you want to think again with this disclosure?
Make two cases Case 1: $0[Observe that $f$is non negative function] Case 2: $f(x) > 1$for some $x \in [0,1]$Now prove for each case that $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n} dx \nrightarrow 2$as $n \to \infty$. So, by the last statement you have guessed the validity of the statement . It is a false statement!! In the next two cases, we will basically prove two cases.
Case 1:  If $f(x) \leq 1\ \forall\ x \in [0,1]$then $f^{n}(x) \leq 1\ \forall\ x \in [0,1]$So, $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n} dx \leq\ \int_{0}^{1} 1 dx = 1$ $\implies \lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^{1} f^{n} dx \leq 1$So, $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n} dx \nrightarrow 2$as $n \to \infty$
Case 2:  Suppose $f(x) > 1$for some $y \in [0,1]$Now, as $f(x)$is continuous function We have $f(x) > 1+\epsilon\ \forall\ x \in (y - \delta, y + \delta)$for some $\epsilon , \delta > 0$ $\implies f^{n}(x) > (1+ \epsilon)^{n}$then we have $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n}\ dx > \int_{y - \delta} ^{y + \delta} (1+ \epsilon)^{n}\ dx$[If $y \in [0,1]]$or $\int_{1 - \delta}^{1} (1+ \epsilon)^{n}\ dx$[If $y=1$] or $\int_{0}^{0 + \delta} (1+ \epsilon)^{n}\ dx$[If $y=0$] In either case , $\int_{0}^{1} f^{n}\ dx > (1 + \epsilon)^{n}\ \delta \to \infty$  So,the statement is false.

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# College Mathematics Program

The higher mathematics program caters to advanced college and university students. It is useful for I.S.I. M.Math Entrance, GRE Math Subject Test, TIFR Ph.D. Entrance, I.I.T. JAM. The program is problem driven. We work with candidates who have a deep love for mathematics. This program is also useful for adults continuing who wish to rediscover the world of mathematics. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.