INTRODUCING 5 - days-a-week problem solving session for Math Olympiad and ISI Entrance. Learn More

Contents

[hide]

Try this beautiful problem from Geometry: Circle

Circles with centers $A$ and $B$ have radii 3 and 8 , respectively. A common internal tangent intersects the circles at $C$ and $D$, respectively. Lines $A B$ and $C D$ intersect at $E,$ and $A E=5 .$ What is $C D ?$

,

i

- $13$
- $\frac{44}{3} $
- $\sqrt{221}$
- $\sqrt{255}$
- \(\frac{55}{3}\)

Geometry

Circle

Tangents

But try the problem first...

Answer: $ \frac{44}{3}$

Source

Suggested Reading

AMC-10 (2006) Problem 23

Pre College Mathematics

First hint

Given that Circles with centers $A$ and $B$ have radii 3 and 8 and $A E=5 .$.we have to find out \(CD\).So join \(BC\) and \(AD\).then clearly \(\triangle BCE\) and \(\triangle ADE\) are Right-Triangle(as \(CD\) is the common tangent ).Now \(\triangle BCE\) and \(\triangle ADE\) are similar.Can you proof \(\triangle BCE\) and \(\triangle ADE\)?

Can you now finish the problem ..........

Second Hint

$\angle A E D$ and $\angle B E C$ are vertical angles so they are congruent, as are angles $\angle A D E$ and $\angle B C E$ (both are right angles because the radius and tangent line at a point on a circle are always perpendicular). Thus, $\triangle A C E \sim \triangle B D E$.

By the Pythagorean Theorem, line segment \(DE=4\)

Therefore from the similarity we can say that \(\frac{D E}{A D}=\frac{C E}{B C} \Rightarrow \frac{4}{3}=\frac{C E}{8}\) .

Therefore \(C E=\frac{32}{3}\)

can you finish the problem........

Final Step

Therefore \(CD=CE+DE=4+\frac{32}{3}=\frac{44}{3}\)

- https://www.cheenta.com/surface-area-of-cube-amc-10a-2007-problem-21/
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gGT15ls_brU

Advanced Mathematical Science. Taught by olympians, researchers and true masters of the subject.

JOIN TRIAL
Interesting problem from lativia.2015 ones are written in a row..It is allowed to delete any two written numbers a and b and is replaced by a+b/4 the process is continued as long as one number remains or the number is less than .0001.Prove that the last number is greater than .0001