Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME, 1996 based on Greatest Positive Integer.

## Positive Integer – AIME I, 1996

For each real number x, Let [x] denote the greatest integer that does not exceed x,find number of positive integers n is it true that \(n \lt 1000\) and that \([log_{2}n]\) is a positive even integer.

- is 107
- is 340
- is 840
- cannot be determined from the given information

**Key Concepts**

Inequality

Greatest integer

Integers

## Check the Answer

But try the problem first…

Answer: is 340.

AIME I, 1996, Question 2

Elementary Number Theory by Sierpinsky

## Try with Hints

First hint

here Let \([log_{2}n]\)=2k for k is an integer

\(\Rightarrow 2k \leq log_{2}n \lt 2k+1\)

\(\Rightarrow 2^{2k} \leq n \lt 2^{2k+1}\) and \(n \lt 1000\)

Second Hint

\(\Rightarrow 4 \leq n \lt 8\)

\(16 \leq n \lt 32\)

\(64 \leq n \lt 128\)

\(256 \leq n \lt 512\)

Final Step

\(\Rightarrow 4+16+64+256\)=340.

## Other useful links

- https://www.cheenta.com/cubes-and-rectangles-math-olympiad-hanoi-2018/
- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ST58GTF95t4&t=140s