INTRODUCING 5 - days-a-week problem solving session for Math Olympiad and ISI Entrance. Learn More 

April 17, 2020

Arrangement of digits | AIME I, 2012 | Question 5

Try this beautiful problem from the American Invitational Mathematics Examination, AIME, 2012 based on Arrangement of digits.

Arrangement of digits - AIME 2012


Let B be the set of all binary integers that can be written using exactly 5 zeros and 8 ones where leading zeros are allowed. If all possible subtractions are performed in which one element of B is subtracted from another, find the number of times the answer 1 is obtained.

  • is 107
  • is 330
  • is 840
  • cannot be determined from the given information

Key Concepts


Arrangements

Algebra

Number Theory

Check the Answer


Answer: is 330.

AIME, 2012, Question 5

Combinatorics by Brualdi

Try with Hints


First hint

When 1 subtracts from a number, the number of digits remain constant when the initial number has units and tens place in 10

Second Hint

Then for subtraction from B requires one number with unit and tens place 10.

Final Step

10 there, remaining 1 distribute any of other 11 then answer \({11 \choose 7} = {330}\).

Subscribe to Cheenta at Youtube


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cheenta. Passion for Mathematics

Advanced Mathematical Science. Taught by olympians, researchers and true masters of the subject.
JOIN TRIAL
support@cheenta.com