How Cheenta works to ensure student success?
Explore the Back-Story

American Mathematics contest 10 (AMC 10) - Statistics problems

AMC 10A 2019 Problem 20

The numbers are randomly placed into the squares of a grid. Each square gets one number, and each of the numbers is used once. What is the probability that the sum of the numbers in each row and each column is odd?

AMC 10A 2019 Problem 22

Real numbers between 0 and 1, inclusive, are chosen in the following manner. A fair coin is flipped. If it lands heads, then it is flipped again and the chosen number is 0 if the second flip is heads and 1 if the second flip is tails. On the other hand, if the first coin flip is tails, then the number is chosen uniformly at random from the closed interval . Two random numbers and are chosen independently in this manner. What is the probability that ?

AMC 10A 2018 Problem 11

When fair standard -sided dice are thrown, the probability that the sum of the numbers on the top faces is can be written as , where is a positive integer. What is ?

AMC 10A 2018 Problem 19

A number is randomly selected from the set , and a number is randomly selected from . What is the probability that has a units digit of ?

AMC 10A 2020 Problem 11

What is the median of the following list of numbers

1, 2, 3, ..., 2020, 1^2, 2^2, 3^2, ..., 2020^2\textbf{(A)}\ 1974.5\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1975.5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1976.5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 1977.5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1978.53, 5, 7, a,b15ab\textbf{(A) } 0 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 15 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 30 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 45 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 60(1, 2)1(0,0), (0,4), (4,4),(4,0)?\textbf{(A)}\ \frac12\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac 58\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac 23\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac34\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac 7812$is chosen at random. The probability that the divisor chosen is a perfect square can be expressed as$\frac{m}{n}mnm+n\textbf{(A)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 237\textbf{(A) } \frac{7}{36} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{5}{24} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{2}{9} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{17}{72} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{1}{4}2820191311915?\textbf{(A) } 75 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 76 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 79 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 84 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 91NN\textbf{(A) } 14 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 16 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 18 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 19 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 218234\textbf{(A) } 24 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 288 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 312 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 1,260 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 40,320121415n20n\textbf{(A) } 18 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 21 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 24\qquad \textbf{(D) } 25 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 28f[f(x) = \lfloor|x|\rfloor - |\lfloor x \rfloor|]x\lfloor r \rfloorrf\textbf{(A) }{-1, 0}\textbf{(B) }\text{The set of nonpositive integers}\textbf{(C) }{-1, 0, 1}\textbf{(D) }{0}\textbf{(E) }\text{The set of nonnegative integers}x4,6,8,17,x\textbf{(A) } -5 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 0 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 5 \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{15}{4} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{35}{4}k2^{-k}k=1,2,3,\ldots.\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{4} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{2}{7} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{3} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{3}{8} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{3}{7}S100,000.S?\textbf{(A) }98\qquad\textbf{(B) }100\qquad\textbf{(C) }117\qquad\textbf{(D) }119\qquad\textbf{(E) }121\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{36} \qquad \textbf{(B) } \frac{1}{24} \qquad \textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{18} \qquad \textbf{(D) } \frac{1}{12} \qquad \textbf{(E) } \frac{1}{6}\textbf{(A) }3\qquad\textbf{(B) }6\qquad\textbf{(C) }12\qquad\textbf{(D) }18\qquad\textbf{(E) }24dd\textbf{(A) } (0,4) \qquad \textbf{(B) } (4,5) \qquad \textbf{(C) } (4,6) \qquad \textbf{(D) } (5,6) \qquad \textbf{(E) } (5,\infty)7610nn\textbf{(A) }42\qquad \textbf{(B) }49\qquad \textbf{(C) }56\qquad \textbf{(D) }63\qquad \textbf{(E) }84\qquadS{1,2,\dots,12}abSa<bbaS?\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 7m{11,13,15,17,19}n{1999,2000,2001,\ldots,2018}m^n1\textbf{(A) } \frac{1}{5} \qquad \textbf{(B) } \frac{1}{4} \qquad \textbf{(C) } \frac{3}{10} \qquad \textbf{(D) } \frac{7}{20} \qquad \textbf{(E) } \frac{2}{5}{2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}\textbf{(A) }128 \qquad \textbf{(B) }192 \qquad \textbf{(C) }224 \qquad \textbf{(D) }240 \qquad \textbf{(E) }256 \qquad51, 2, 3, 4,543\textbf{(A) }\frac{1}{15} \qquad \textbf{(B) }\frac{1}{10} \qquad \textbf{(C) }\frac{1}{6} \qquad \textbf{(D) }\frac{1}{5} \qquad \textbf{(E) }\frac{1}{4} \qquad716p710p\textbf{(A) }13 \qquad \textbf{(B) }26 \qquad \textbf{(C) }32 \qquad \textbf{(D) }39 \qquad \textbf{(E) }42 \qquad201810\textbf{(A) }202 \qquad \textbf{(B) }223 \qquad \textbf{(C) }224 \qquad \textbf{(D) }225 \qquad \textbf{(E) }234 \qquad\textbf{(A) }60 \qquad \textbf{(B) }72 \qquad \textbf{(C) }92 \qquad \textbf{(D) }96 \qquad \textbf{(E) }120 \qquadxy[0,1]x,y,1\textbf{(A) }0.21 \qquad \textbf{(B) }0.25 \qquad \textbf{(C) }0.29 \qquad \textbf{(D) }0.50 \qquad \textbf{(E) }0.79 \qquadS(x,y)3,~x+2,y-4S?\textbf{(A)}\ \text{a single point}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \text{two intersecting lines}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \text{ three lines whose pairwise intersections are three distinct points}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \text{a triangle}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{three rays with a common endpoint}[0, 2017][0, 4034]\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{2}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{2}{3}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{3}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{6}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{7}{8}\frac{1}{3}\frac{2}{5}\frac{p}{q}pqq-p\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 5\textbf{(A)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 16\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 28\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 32\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 40332\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{27}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{2}{9}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{7}{27}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}10099911100999?121211\textbf{(A)}\ 226\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 243\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 270\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 469\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 486N1\leq N \leq 2020N^{16}51\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{2}{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{3}{5}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{4}{5}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 13621\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1521!=51,090,942,171,709,440,00060,000\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{21} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{19} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{18} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{2} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{11}{21}760, 100, x, 40, 50, 200, 90xx\textbf{(A)}\ 50 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 60 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 75 \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 90 \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 10012016p\textbf{(A)}\ p<\frac{1}{8}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ p=\frac{1}{8}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{8}<p<\frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ p=\frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ p>\frac{1}{3}20161008\cdot 2 + 0\cdot 3402\cdot 2 + 404\cdot 3\textbf{(A)}\ 236\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 336\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 337\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 403\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 672N5NP(N)\frac{3}{5}P(5)=1P(N)\frac{4}{5}NNP(N) < \frac{321}{400}\textbf{(A) } 12 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 14 \qquad \textbf{(C) }16 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 18 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 2018\textbf{(A) } 1\qquad\textbf{(B) } 3\qquad\textbf{(C) }6 \qquad\textbf{(D) }12 \qquad\textbf{(E) }24SS\textbf{(A)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 20( 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)\textbf{(A)}\ 0.2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 0.4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 0.5\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 0.7\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 0.8S1S?\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1+\sqrt{5}}{2} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 2 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \sqrt{5} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 42, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7\textbf{(A)}\ 312 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 343 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 625 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 729 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 16801010{A, B, C}ABBCCA?\textbf{(A)}\ 385 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 665 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 945 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 1140 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 1330abcdabba\textbf{(A)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4S1S\frac12\frac{a-b\pi}cabc\gcd(a,b,c)=1a+b+c\textbf{(A) }59\qquad\textbf{(B) }60\qquad\textbf{(C) }61\qquad\textbf{(D) }62\qquad\textbf{(E) }6320161008\cdot 2 + 0\cdot 3402\cdot 2 + 404\cdot 3\textbf{(A)}\ 236\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 336\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 337\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 403\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 672343\textbf{(A) } 41 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 47 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 59 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 61 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 66110\textbf{(A) } \frac{9}{1000} \qquad\textbf{(B) } \frac{1}{90} \qquad\textbf{(C) } \frac{1}{80} \qquad\textbf{(D) } \frac{1}{72} \qquad\textbf{(E) } \frac{2}{121}64\textbf{(A) } 32 \qquad\textbf{(B) } 40 \qquad\textbf{(C) } 48 \qquad\textbf{(D) } 56 \qquad\textbf{(E) } 64\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 6\textbf{(A)}\ \frac16\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{13}{72}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac7{36}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac5{24}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac29\textbf {(A) } \frac{1}{36} \qquad \textbf {(B) } \frac{7}{72} \qquad \textbf {(C) } \frac{1}{9}\qquad \textbf {(D) } \frac{5}{36} \qquad \textbf {(E) } \frac{1}{6}111098\textbf {(A) } 24 \qquad \textbf {(B) } 30 \qquad \textbf {(C) } 31\qquad \textbf {(D) } 33 \qquad \textbf {(E) } 35n115n\textbf {(A) } 1 \qquad \textbf {(B) } 2 \qquad \textbf {(C) } 3 \qquad \textbf {(D) } 4 \qquad \textbf {(E) } 50101N0<N<10N-1\frac{N}{10}N+11-\frac{N}{10}010\textbf {(A) } \frac{32}{79} \qquad \textbf {(B) } \frac{161}{384} \qquad \textbf {(C) } \frac{63}{146} \qquad \textbf {(D) } \frac{7}{16} \qquad \textbf {(E) } \frac{1}{2}\textbf{(A)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 16\textbf{(A)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 15\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 18\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 25\textbf{(A)}\ 540\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 600\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 720\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 810\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 900SS\textbf{(A) }\frac{2}5\qquad\textbf{(B) }\frac{4}9\qquad\textbf{(C) }\frac{1}2\qquad\textbf{(D) }\frac{5}9\qquad\textbf{(E) }\frac{4}5\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{6}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}33990\,^{\circ}\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{49}{512}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{7}{64}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{121}{1024}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{81}{512}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{9}{32}\textbf{(A)}\ 60\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 170\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 290\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 320\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 660xyz[0,n]nxyz\frac {1}{2}n\textbf{(A)}\ 7\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 8\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 9\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 10\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 11\textbf{(A)}\ 729\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 972\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 1024\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 2187\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 2304\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 5\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 6\textbf{(A)}\ 108\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 132\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 671\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 846\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 1105ABA \cup BAB\textbf{(A)}\ 5 \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 15 \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 20\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 35\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 300\textbf{(A)}\,\frac{1}{36} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\,\frac{1}{12} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\,\frac{1}{6} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\,\frac{1}{4} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\,\frac{5}{18}r\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{6}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{5}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{4}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{3}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{2}\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{7}{11}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{9}{13}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{11}{15}\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{15}{19}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{15}{16}[-20, 10]\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{4}{9} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{5}{9} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \frac{2}{3}\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{\sqrt{2} - 1}{2} \qquad\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{4} \qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{2 - \sqrt{2}}{2} \qquad\textbf{(D)}\ \frac{\sqrt{2}}{4} \qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 2 - \sqrt{2}{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}{1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8}\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{47}{72} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{37}{56} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{2}{3} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{49}{72} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{39}{56}1 \le k \le 2010k\text{th}kP(n)nnP(n) < \frac{1}{2010}\textbf{(A)}\ 45 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 63 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 64 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 201 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 1005nn = 555N8N\mathrm{(A)}\ 1 \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 5 \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 7 \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 9\textbf{(A)}\ 3 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 4 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 5 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 8 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 933764\textbf{(A)}\ 22 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 23 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 24 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 25 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 26abc{1, 2, 3,\dots, 2010}abc + ab + a3\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{29}{81} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{31}{81} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{11}{27} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{13}{27}100010,0007\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{10} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{1}{9} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{7} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{1}{6} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{1}{5}\textbf{(A)}\ 1930 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 1931 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 1932 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 1933 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 19343 \times 319\textbf{(A)}\ 18 \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ 24 \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ 36 \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ 42 \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ 60\$