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Explore the Back-Story**American Mathematics contest 10 (AMC 10) - Number Theory problems**

**AMC 10A, 2021, Problem 10**

Which of the following is equivalent to

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2021, Problem 11**

For which of the following integers is the base- number not divisible by ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2021, Problem 16**

In the following list of numbers, the integer appears times in the list for .

What is the median of the numbers in this list?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2021, Problem 19**

The area of the region bounded by the graph of

is , where and are integers. What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2021, Problem 1**

How many integer values of satisfy

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2021, Problem 13**

Let be a positive integer and be a digit such that the value of the numeral in base equals 263 , and the value of the numeral in base equals the value of the numeral in base six. What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2021, Problem 16**

Call a positive integer an uphill integer if every digit is strictly greater than the previous digit. For example, , and are all uphill integers, but , and are not. How many uphill integers are divisible by ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2021, Problem 19**

Suppose that is a finite set of positive integers. If the greatest integer in is removed from , then the average value (arithmetic mean) of the integers remaining is 32 . If the least integer in is also removed, then the average value of the integers remaining is 35 . If the greatest integer is then returned to the set, the average value of the integers rises to 40 . The greatest integer in the original set is 72 greater than the least integer in . What is the average value of all the integers in the set

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 4**

A driver travels for hours at miles per hour, during which her car gets miles per gallon of gasoline. She is paid per mile, and her only expense is gasoline at per gallon. What is her net rate of pay, in dollars per hour, after this expense?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 6**

How many -digit positive integers (that is, integers between and , inclusive) having only even digits are divisible by

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 8**

What is the value of

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 9**

A single bench section at a school event can hold either adults or children. When bench sections are connected end to end, an equal number of adults and children seated together will occupy all the bench space. What is the least possible positive integer value of

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 17**

Define .How many integers are there such that ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 21**

There exists a unique strictly increasing sequence of nonnegative integers such that .What is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 22**

For how many positive integers is not divisible by ? (Recall that is the greatest integer less than or equal to .)

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2020, Problem 24**

Let be the least positive integer greater than for which .What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2020, Problem 24**

How many positive integers satisfy

(Recall that is the greatest integer not exceeding .)

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2020, Problem 25**

Let denote the number of ways of writing the positive integer as a product

where , the are integers strictly greater than 1 , and the order in which the factors are listed matters (that is, two representations that differ only in the order of the factors are counted as distinct). For example, the number 6 can be written as , and , so . What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2019, Problem 5**

What is the greatest number of consecutive integers whose sum is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2019, Problem 9**

What is the greatest three-digit positive integer for which the sum of the first positive integers is not a divisor of the product of the first positive integers?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2019, Problem 15**

A sequence of numbers is defined recursively by , and

for all Then can be written as , where and are relatively prime positive integers. What is ?

(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2019, Problem 18**

For some positive integer , the repeating base- representation of the (base-ten) fraction is . What is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2019, Problem 19**

What is the least possible value of

where is a real number?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) 2021n

0 !=13132333435n(n+1) !+(n+2) !=n ! \cdot 440n38101112f

x\lfloor r\rfloorrf ?{-1,0}{-1,0,1}{0}20191114222327S100,000S ?98100117119121x_{0}=5

nm

m[9,26][27,80][81,242][243,728][729, \infty)n4000 \cdot\left(\frac{2}{5}\right)^{n}34689

80819697625

a_{i} \in{-1,0,1}0 \leq i \leq 75127291094328159,048a, b, cdgcd(a, b)=24, gcd(b, c)=36, gcd(c, d)=5470<gcd(d, a)<100a57111317na, bcA_{n}naB_{n}nbC_{n}2 nnca+b+cnC_{n}-B_{n}=A_{n}^{2}12144

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 5**

How many subsets of contain at least one prime number?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 11**

Which of the following expressions is never a prime number when is a prime number?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 13**

How many of the first 2018 numbers in the sequence are divisible by ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 14**

A list of 2018 positive integers has a unique mode, which occurs exactly 10 times. What is the least number of distinct values that can occur in the list?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 16**

Let be a strictly increasing sequence of positive integers such that

What is the remainder when is divided by ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 20**

A function is defined recursively by and

for all integers . What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 21**

Mary chose an even 4 -digit number . She wrote down all the divisors of in increasing order from left to right: . At some moment Mary wrote 323 as a divisor of . What is the smallest possible value of the next divisor written to the right of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 23**

How many ordered pairs of positive integers satisfy the equation

where denotes the greatest common divisor of and , and denotes their least common multiple?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 25**

Let denote the greatest integer less than or equal to . How many real numbers satisfy the equation ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2018, Problem 12**

Let be a set of points in the coordinate plane such that two of the three quantities , and are equal and the third of the three quantities is no greater than this common value. Which of the following is a correct description for ?

(A) a single point

(B) two intersecting lines

(C) three lines whose pairwise intersections are three distinct points

(D) a triangle

(E) three rays with a common endpoint

**AMC 10A, 2017, Problem 13**

Define a sequence recursively by , and the remainder when is divided by 3, for all . Thus the sequence starts What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2017, Problem 17**

Distinct points lie on the circle and have integer coordinates. The distances and are irrational numbers. What is the greatest possible value of the ratio

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2017, Problem 20**

Let equal the sum of the digits of positive integer . For example, . For a particular positive integer . Which of the following could be the value of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2017, Problem 23**

How many triangles with positive area have all their vertices at points in the coordinate plane, where and are integers between 1 and 5, inclusive?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2017, Problem 25**

How many integers between 100 and 999 , inclusive, have the property that some permutation of its digits is a multiple of 11 between 100 and 999? For example, both 121 and 211 have this property.

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2017, Problem 14**

An integer is selected at random in the range . What is the probability that the remainder when is divided by 5 is 1 ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2017, Problem 16**

How many of the base-ten numerals for the positive integers less than or equal to 2017 contain the digit 0 ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2017, Problem 23**

Let be the 79 -digit number that is formed by writing the integers from 1 to 44 in order, one after the other. What is the remainder when is divided by 45 ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2017, Problem 25**

Last year Isabella took math tests and received 7 different scores, each an integer between and 100 , inclusive. After each test she noticed that the average of her test scores was an integer. Her score on the seventh test was . What was her score on the sixth test?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 4**

The remainder can be defined for all real numbers and with by

where denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to . What is the value of

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 9**

A triangular array of coins has coin in the first row, coins in the second row, coins in the third row, and so on up to coins in the th row. What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 17**

Let be a positive multiple of 5 . One red ball and green balls are arranged in a line in random order. Let be the probability that at least of the green balls are on the same side of the red ball. Observe that and that approaches as grows large. What is the sum of the digits of the least value of such that ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 20**

For some particular value of , when is expanded and like terms are combined, the resulting expression contains exactly 1001 terms that include all four variables , and , each to some positive power. What is ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 22**

For some positive integer , the number has 110 positive integer divisors, including 1 and the number . How many positive integer divisors does the number have?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2016, Problem 25**

How many ordered triples of positive integers satisfy and

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2016, Problem 6**

Laura added two three-digit positive integers. All six digits in these numbers are different. Laura's sum is a three-digit number . What is the smallest possible value for the sum of the digits of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2016, Problem 13**

At Megapolis Hospital one year, multiple-birth statistics were as follows: Sets of twins, triplets, and quadruplets accounted for 1000 of the babies born. There were four times as many sets of triplets as sets of quadruplets, and there was three times as many sets of twins as sets of triplets. How many of these 1000 babies were in sets of quadruplets?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2016, Problem 24**

How many four-digit integers , with , have the property that the three two-digit integers form an increasing arithmetic sequence? One such number is 4692 , where , and .

(A) 9

(B) 15

(C) 16

(D) 17

(E) 20

**AMC 10B, 2016, Problem 25**

Let , where denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to .

How many distinct values does assume for

(A) 32

(B) 36

(C) 45

(D) 46

(E) infinitely many

**AMC 10A, 2015, Problem 18**

Hexadecimal (base-16) numbers are written using numeric digits 0 through 9 as well as the letters through to represent 10 through Among the first 1000 positive integers, there are whose hexadecimal representation contains only numeric digits. What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A) 17

(B) 18

(C) 19

(D) 20

(E) 21

**AMC 10A, 2015, Problem 23**

The zeroes of the function are integers. What is the sum of the possible values of

(A) 7

(B) 8

(C) 16

(D) 17

(E) 18

**AMC 10A, 2015, Problem 25**

Let be a square of side length 1 . Two points are chosen independently at random on the sides of . The probability that the straight-line distance between the points is at least is , where , and are positive integers with What is ?

(A) 59

(B) 60

(C) 61

(D) 62

(E) 63

**AMC 10B, 2015, Problem 10**

What are the sign and units digit of the product of all the odd negative integers strictly greater than ?

(A) It is a negative number ending with a 1.

(B) It is a positive number ending with a 1 .

(C) It is a negative number ending with a 5 .

(D) It is a positive number ending with a

(E) It is a negative number ending with a 0 .

**AMC 10B, 2015, Problem 14**

Let , and be three distinct one-digit numbers. What is the maximum value of the sum of the roots of the equation ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2015, Problem 21**

Cozy the Cat and Dash the Dog are going up a staircase with a certain number of steps. However, instead of walking up the steps one at a time, both Cozy and Dash jump. Cozy goes two steps up with each jump (though if necessary, he will just jump the last step). Dash goes five steps up with each jump (though if necessary, he will just jump the last steps if there are fewer than 5 steps left). Suppose Dash takes 19 fewer jumps than Cozy to reach the top of the staircase. Let denote the sum of all possible numbers of steps this staircase can have. What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2015, Problem 23**

Let be a positive integer greater than 4 such that the decimal representation of ends in zeros and the decimal representation of . ends in zeros. Let denote the sum of the four least possible values of . What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2014, Problem 20**

The product , where the second factor has digits, is an integer whose digits have a sum of 1000 . What is ?

(A) 901

(B) 911

(C) 919

(D) 991

(E) 999

**AMC 10A, 2014, Problem 24**

A sequence of natural numbers is constructed by listing the first 4 , then skipping one, listing the next 5 , skipping 2 , listing 6 , skipping 3 , and, on the th iteration, listing and skipping . The sequence begins . What is the 500,000 th number in the sequence?

(A) 996,506

(B) 996,507

(C) 996,508

(D) 996,509

(E) 996,510

**AMC 10A, 2014, Problem 25**

The number is between and How many pairs of integers are there such that and

(A) 278

(B) 279

(C) 280

(D) 281

(E) 282

**AMC 10B, 2014, Problem 12**

The largest divisor of is itself. What is its fifth-largest divisor?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2014, Problem 14**

Danica drove her new car on a trip for a whole number of hours, averaging 55 miles per hour. At the beginning of the trip, abe miles was displayed on the odometer, where is a 3-digit number with and . At the end of the trip, the odometer showed miles. What is

(A) 26

(B) 27

(C) 36

(D) 37

(E) 41

**AMC 10B, 2014, Problem 17**

What is the greatest power of 2 that is a factor of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10B, 2014, Problem 20**

For how many integers is the number negative?

(A) 8

(B) 10

(C) 12

(D) 14

(E) 16

**AMC 10A, 2013, Problem 13**

How many three-digit numbers are not divisible by 5 , have digits that sum to less than 20 , and have the first digit equal to the third digit?

(A) 52

(B) 60

(C) 66

(D) 68

(E) 70

**AMC 10A, 2013, Problem 19**

In base 10, the number 2013 ends in the digit 3 . In base 9 , on the other hand, the same number is written as and ends in the digit 6 . For how many positive integers does the base- -representation of 2013 end in the digit 3 ?

(A) 6

(B) 9

(C) 13

(D) 16

(E) 18

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 4**

When counting from 3 to 201,53 is the number counted. When counting backwards from 201 to 3,53 is the number counted. What is ?

(A) 146

(B) 147

(C) 148

(D) 149

(E) 150

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 5**

Positive integers and are each less than 6 . What is the smallest possible value for ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) 0

(E) 2

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 9**

Three positive integers are each greater than 1 , have a product of 27000 , and are pairwise relatively prime. What is their sum?

(A) 100

(B) 137

(C) 156

(D) 160

(E) 165

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 18**

The number 2013 has the property that its units digit is the sum of its other digits, that is . How many integers less than 2013 but greater than 1000 have this property?

(A) 33

(B) 34

(C) 45

(D) 46

(E) 58

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 20**

The number 2013 is expressed in the form

where and are positive integers and is as small as possible. What is

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E) 5

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 14**

Two non-decreasing sequences of nonnegative integers have different first terms. Each sequence has the property that each term beginning with the third is the sum of the previous two terms, and the seventh term of each sequence is . What is the smallest possible value of ?

(A) 55

(B) 89

(C) 104

(D) 144

(E) 273

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 18**

The number 2013 has the property that its units digit is the sum of its other digits, that is . How many integers less than 2013 but greater than 1000 have this property?

(A) 33

(B) 34

(C) 45

(D) 46

(E) 58

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 24**

A positive integer is nice if there is a positive integer with exactly four positive divisors (including 1 and ) such that the sum of the four divisors is equal to . How many numbers in the set are nice?

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E) 5

**AMC 10B, 2013, Problem 25**

Bernardo chooses a three-digit positive integer and writes both its base- 5 and base-6 representations on a blackboard. Later LeRoy sees the two numbers Bernardo has written. Treating the two numbers as base-10 integers, he adds them to obtain an integer . For example, if , Bernardo writes the numbers 10,444 and 3,245 , and LeRoy obtains the sum . For how many choices of are the two rightmost digits of , in order, the same as those of ?

(A) 5

(B) 10

(C) 15

(D) 20

(E) 25

**AMC 10A, 2012, Problem 24**

Let , and be positive integers with such that and .

What is

(A) 249

(B) 250

(C) 251

(D) 252

(E) 253

**AMC 10B, 2012, Problem 8**

What is the sum of all integer solutions to ?

(A) 10

(B) 12

(C) 15

(D) 19

(E) 25

**AMC 10B, 2012, Problem 10**

How many ordered pairs of positive integers satisfy the equation

(A) 6

(B) 7

(C) 8

(D) 9

(E) 10

**AMC 10B, 2012, Problem 20**

Bernardo and Silvia play the following game. An integer between 0 and 999 inclusive is selected and given to Bernardo. Whenever Bernardo receives a number, he doubles it and passes the result to Silvia. Whenever Silvia receives a number, she adds 50 to it and passes the result to Bernardo. The winner is the last person who produces a number less than 1000 . Let be the smallest initial number that results in a win for Bernardo. What is the sum of the digits of ?

(A) 7

(B) 8

(C) 9

(D) 10

(E) 11

**AMC 10A, 2011, Problem 13**

How many even integers are there between and whose digits are all different and come from the set

(A) 12

(B) 20

(C) 72

(D) 120

(E) 200

**AMC 10A, 2011, Problem 17**

In the eight term sequence , the value of is 5 and the sum of any three consecutive terms is 30 . What is ?

(A) 17

(B) 18

(C) 25

(D) 26

(E) 43

**AMC 10A, 2011, Problem 19**

In 1991 the population of a town was a perfect square. Ten years later, after an increase of 150 people, the population was 9 more than a perfect square. Now, in 2011 , with an increase of another 150 people, the population is once again a perfect square. Which of the following is closest to the percent growth of the town's population during this twenty-year period?

(A) 42

(B) 47

(C) 52

(D) 57

(E) 62

**AMC 10A, 2011, Problem 23**

Seven students count from 1 to 1000 as follows:

Alice says all the numbers, except she skips the middle number in each consecutive group of three numbers. That is, Alice says

Barbara says all of the numbers that Alice doesn't say, except she also skips the middle number in each consecutive group of three numbers.

Candice says all of the numbers that neither Alice nor Barbara says, except she also skips the middle number in each consecutive group of three numbers.

Debbie, Eliza, and Fatima say all of the numbers that none of the students with the first names beginning before theirs in the alphabet say, except each also skips the middle number in each of her consecutive groups of three numbers.

Finally, George says the only number that no one else says.

What number does George say?

(A) 37

(B) 242

(C) 365

(D) 728

(E) 998

**AMC 10A, 2011, Problem 25**

Let be a unit square region and an integer. A point in the interior of is called -ray partitional if there are rays emanating from that divide into triangles of equal area. How many points are 100-ray partitional but not 60-ray partitional?

(A) 1500

(B) 1560

(C) 2320

(D) 2480

(E) 2500

**AMC 10B, 2011, Problem 10**

Consider the set of numbers . The ratio of the largest element of the set to the sum of the other ten elements of the set is closest to which integer?

(A) 1

(B) 9

(C) 10

(D) 11

(E) 101

**AMC 10B, 2011, Problem 21**

Brian writes down four integers whose sum is 44 . The pairwise positive differences of these numbers are , and 9 What is the sum of the possible values for ?

(A) 16

(B) 31

(C) 48

(D) 62

(E) 93

**AMC 10B, 2011, Problem 23**

What is the hundreds digit of ?

(A) 1

(B) 4

(C) 5

(D) 6

(E) 9

**AMC 10B, 2011, Problem 24**

A lattice point in an -coordinate system is any point where both and are integers. The graph of passes through no lattice point with for all such that . What is the maximum possible value of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2010, Problem 9**

A palindrome, such as 83438 , is a number that remains the same when its digits are reversed. The numbers and are three-digit and four-digit palindromes, respectively. What is the sum of the digits of

(A) 20

(B) 21

(C) 22

(D) 23

(E) 24

**AMC 10A, 2010, Problem 25**

Jim starts with a positive integer and creates a sequence of numbers. Each successive number is obtained by subtracting the largest possible integer square less than or equal to the current number until zero is reached. For example, if Jim starts with , then his sequence contains 5 numbers:

Let be the smallest number for which Jim's sequence has 8 numbers. What is the units digit of ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2009, Problem 5**

What is the sum of the digits of the square of 1111111111 ?

(A) 18

(B) 27

(C) 45

(D) 63

(E) 81

**AMC 10A, 2009, Problem 13**

Suppose that and . Which of the following is equal to for every pair of integers

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

**AMC 10A, 2009, Problem 25**

For , let , where there are zeros between the 1 and the 6 . Let ) be the number of factors of 2 in the prime factorization of . What is the maximum value of ?

(A) 6

(B) 7

(C) 8

(D) 9

(E) 10

**AMC 10A, 2009, Problem 21**

What is the remainder when is divided by 8 ?

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 4

(E) 6

**AMC 10A, 2008, Problem 24**

Let What is the units digit of ?

(A) 0

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 6

(E) 8

**AMC 10B, 2008, Problem 13**

For each positive integer , the mean of the first terms of a sequence is . What is the term of the sequence?

(A) 2008

(B) 4015

(C) 4016

(D)

(E)

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